当前位置: 首页 > >

2015版高考历史二轮专题复习查漏补缺练习第2课时 君主专制政体的演进与强化及专制时代晚期的政治形态_图文

发布时间:

promotion of empl oyment, form a rea sonable a nd orderly pattern of i ncome distri buti on, bui ld a more fair a nd s ustai nable social se curity systems, medi cal and health system reform. T he pl enar y, innovati on of s oci al governance, must focus on the mainte nance of fundame ntal interest s of the overwhelming maj ority of the pe ople, maximize fact ors, e nha nce social development, impr oving s oci al governance, the i nterests of national se curit y, e nsure t hat the people live a nd w ork, s oci al stabil ity and orde r.

To improve social gover nance, stimulati ng s ocial organizati on, i nnovative and effective system of preventing and resolvi ng s ocial conflicts, impr oving t he publi c se curit y system, set up the National Security Council , national s ecurity systems and nati onal se curity strategy to e nsur e national s ecurity. Plenary sessi on, the construction of ecologi cal civ ilization, you must esta bli sh systems of ecol ogical system, using the system to protect t he ecologi cal e nvironme nt.

To improve natural

resour ces as set property right system a nd use control, red li ne of delimitation of e col ogical protecti on, re sources paid use system a nd e col ogical compensati on sy stem in ecologi cal envir onm e nt prote ction management sy stem reform. Plenary sessi on, ce ntering on building a liste ning party comma nd, can wi n and havi ng a fine style of the pe ople' s army, a strong army under the new sit uation of the party Goal s, restricti ng the development of nati ona l defense and army buil ding i s solve d outstanding contra dicti ons a nd problems, i nnovati on a nd development of military the ory , enhance milit ary strategic guida nce, improve t he military strategy in the new period, building a modern military force system wit h Chi nese chara cteristics.

To dee pen t he adj ustment of personnel system reform in the army, military poli cy and system reform, prom ote the development of military and civi lian integration de pth. Plenary sess ion stresse d that compre hensive reform must be to strengthen a nd impr ove the

party's leader shi p, give full play to the core r ole of the party commands t he overall sit uation and coordi nating all parties, impr oving the party's leadi ng water ... Margin. Challe nged t he leadershi p of the Communi st Party of Chi na, Marxi sm-Leni nism and Mao Ze dong thought by Deng Xiao -pi ng's fla g, replace d by thre e repres entatives and the harmonic s ociet y.

The former Communist Party spirit and social cohesi on poi nt of almost all politica l makeover. Chara cteristics of socialism publi c ow ners hip is shifting to private ow nership, planned reg ulation and market regulati on, t he pr oletari an regime controlle d by the elite . Of univ ersal equality, fairness a nd basi c principl es of distri buti on sy stem is socialist s ociet y, however after economic monopolize d by powerful, ve sted interest s grow, employers do not have t he same status, har dly se ems fair socia l dist ri buti on.

State key protection of capital i nterests rather tha n the i nterests of citiz ens , had bee n hits the bott om of the prol etariat

第 2 课时 君主专制政体的演进与强化及专制时代晚期的政治形态

一、选择题 1.读下图并结合所学知识可知,西汉和秦朝相比,中央权力机构最大的变化是
()

A.出现了内外相制的权力结构 B.扩大了以御史大夫为首的监察体系 C.加强了三公九卿的官僚体系 D.增强了以丞相为首的中枢机构权力 解析 本题考查古代中国政治制度。根据题中信息分析,秦朝实行皇帝之下
的三公九卿制,西汉实行皇帝之下的“中朝”和“外朝”并行制度,“中朝”官员
由皇帝任命等级较低的官员担任,区别于由丞相组成的“外朝”,这样就形成
了内外相制的权力结构。 答案 A 2.“(主父)偃说上(汉武帝)曰:‘今诸侯或连城数十,地方千里。……今诸侯子弟 或十数,而适嗣代立,余虽骨肉,无尺地之封,则仁孝之道不宣。愿陛下令 诸侯得推恩分子弟,以地侯之。彼人人喜得所愿……于是上从其计。”上述材 料中,主父偃建议的巧妙之处在于( ) A.以广建侯国的办法来拱卫中央政权 B.有利于刘姓政权的稳固且抚慰了异姓功臣 C.以分封王国子弟的办法来调整统治者内部关系 D.以宣扬仁孝之道为由来削弱地方王国的势力 解析 本题考查西汉时期对割据势力的治理。材料体现的是推恩令,即令诸

Obvi ousl y, face Chi na's Socialist sy stem, the Communi st Party is not the party. In that case, politi cal chaos ha s bee n very tight. I s remodeling or reconstr ucti on, i s a correction or a stove. Whet her to tur n right or left, is ba ck to the source or put forward new political i deas .

This is to determine the r oad pr obl ems in China, is al so the key out of the de ep water of the reform of the e conomic sy stem.

After 18, the new Ce ntral coll ective lea ders hip attaches great importance to politi cal orie ntation.

First, the "Central eight arti cles" as a starti ng point, starti ng from the Ce ntral Governme nt's self-re straint, whi ch prea ches a nd pro -image, br oug ht fresh feeling to t he communit y.

Secondly, before reform and openi ng up and reform and openi ng two periods after non-negative, untyi ng the tangl e of the s oci ety a long time on t his is sue . Third, a ne w generation of part y leaders on various occasions to Mao Ze -D ong a nd Ma o Ze -Dong's thoug ht of evaluati on has room for manoe uvre,

throug h to the r uling i deol ogy of Ma o Zedong thought, i s the call of the s oul t o the S ocialist Revol ution and constr ucti on. Empty talks j eopardize national interest s and try again, is a n affirmat ion of De ng Xia o-ping's reform i deas.

These strong politica l signal showing a new ge neration of poli tical leader s is still kee ping to t he Socialist roa d.

Four is revisiting t he "talking to Ma o Ze-Dong's hi storical cycle of" high pr ofile anti -corrupti on a nd t he importa nce of the Constit ution, reorga nization is ba d style of official dom, wa s to civ ilize people obey the la w, w hile impr oving the col or change of the regime of vigila nce .

Five is to reform into dee per waters a nd stres sed t hat top -level design, this i s a review on the reform and openi ng up in t he past, i s als o look ing for a way out.

Six foreign and Rus sia cl oser, the flexibl e attitude on the iss ue of the Korea n pe ninsula , Sino -Japane se fishi ng har dli ne China on the island out of the "patie nt" and l ow pr ofile sha dow bega n to gradua lly pla n

development. Signs show that t he new l eaders hip began t o make a left turn in politics.

However, as of right now, not only ide ologi cal confusi on i n the community, the new lea ders hip's t hinki ng is mess y. Ne w leader s bot h stresse d the need t o implement t he Constituti on, stresse d the need t o turn off the power i n a cage. Al so stre sses that Mao Zedong t hought ca nnot be lost, 30 years after the reform and openi ng up 30 years ago can not deny each ot her. Bot h advocate dem ocracy a nd rele ase "seve n does not speak of" files of politi cal constraint s. Neit her de ny the history of the CPC C entral Committee on several is sues ...

Comrades : today brings t ogether member s, mainly in order to provi de a platform to Exchange a nd lear n from each other i n order t o facilitate our work. Just now, we focus on taxation, pla nni ng and stabilit y, safety, proje ct constr uction, typi cal topics such as private facts prese ntation and interacti on, and towns currently exist in the in -de pth a nalysis of the problems to be s olved, to ex plore new methods t o solve t he pr oblem. It can be sai d that summing up t he achievement, no grandstanding ; analy sis

promotion of empl oyment, form a rea sonable a nd orderly pattern of i ncome distri buti on, bui ld a more fair a nd s ustai nable social se curity systems, medi cal and health system reform. T he pl enar y, innovati on of s oci al governance, must focus on the mainte nance of fundame ntal interest s of the ov erwhelming maj ority of the pe ople, maximize fact ors, e nha nce social development, impr oving s oci al governance, the i nterests of national se curit y, e nsure t hat the people live a nd w ork, s oci al stabil ity and orde r.

To improve social gover nance, stimulati ng s ocial organizati on, i nnovative and effective system of preventing and resolvi ng s ocial conflicts, impr oving t he publi c se curity system, set up the National Security Council , national s ecurity systems and nati onal se curity strategy to e nsur e national s ecurity. Plenary sessi on, the construction of ecologi cal civ ilization, you must esta bli sh systems of ecol ogical system, using th e system to protect t he ecologi cal e nvironme nt.

To improve natural

resour ces as set property right system a nd use control, red li ne of delimitation of e col ogical protecti on, re sources paid use system a nd e col ogical compensati on sy stem in ecologi cal envir onme nt prote ction management sy stem reform. Plenary sessi on, ce ntering on building a liste ning party comma nd, can wi n and havi ng a f ine style of the pe ople' s army, a strong army under the new sit uation of the party Goal s, restricti ng the development of nati ona l defense and army buil ding i s solve d outstanding contra dicti ons a nd problems, i nnovati on a nd development of military the ory, enhance milit ary strategic guida nce, improve t he military strategy in the new period, building a modern military force system with Chi nese chara cteristics.

To dee pen t he adj ustment of personnel system reform in the army, military poli cy and system reform, prom ote the development of military and civi lian integration de pth. Plenary sess ion stresse d that compre hensive reform must be to strengthen a nd impr ove the

party's leader shi p, give full play to the core r ole of the party commands t he overall sit uation and coordi nating all parties, impr oving the party's leadi ng water ... Margin. Challe nged t he leadershi p of the Communi st Party of Chi na, Marxi sm-Leni nism and Mao Ze dong thought by Deng Xiao -pi ng's fla g, replace d by thre e repres entatives and the harmonic s ociet y.

The former Communist Party spirit and social cohesi on poi nt of almost all politica l makeover. Chara cteristics of socialism publi c ow ners hip is shifting to private ow nership, planned reg ulation and market regulati on, t he pr oletari an regime controlle d by the elite . Of univ ersal equality, fairness a nd basi c principl es of distri buti on sy stem is socialist s ociet y, however aft er economic monopolize d by powerful, ve sted interest s grow, employers do not have t he same status, har dly se ems fair socia l distri buti on.

State key protection of capital i nterests rather tha n the i nterests of citiz ens , had bee n hits the bott om of the prol etariat

侯将自己的土地逐级分给子孙,以削弱王国势力。A 项不符合材料内容;B

项不符合“连城数十,地方千里”;推恩令的目的不是调整统治阶级内部的关

系而是消除对抗中央的力量,因此 C 项不能选。

答案 D

3.钱穆在《国史新论》中说:“汉代宰相是首长制,唐代宰相是委员制。”文中“委

员制”是指当时的( )

A.三公九卿制

B.郡县制

C.三省六部制

D.内阁制

解析 三公九卿制是在秦朝确立的,排除 A 项。郡县制为地方行政体制,与

题意不符,排除 B 项。内阁制为明朝的政治制度,排除 D 项。三省六部制是

唐制,三省长官都为宰相,故 C 项正确。
答案 C 4.《资治通鉴》载:“国家本置中书、门下以相监察,中书诏敕或有差失,则门
下当行驳正。”材料涉及的政治制度( ) A.确立于秦朝,汉武帝时完善 B.标志着君主专制制度达到了顶峰 C.极大地提高了政府工作效率 D.削弱了君权,突出了臣下的作用 解析 本题主要考查理解材料信息的能力。由所给材料来看,材料涉及的政

治制度是隋唐实行的三省六部制,由此可排除 A 项;标志着君主专制制度达

到顶峰的是军机处的设立,排除 B 项;三省六部制的实行,使完整的相权被

分割,中央机构之间实现牵制和监督,从而有利于皇帝掌握大权,排除 D 项。
答案 C 5.唐高宗时,弘文馆直学士刘祎之、著作郎元万顷等翰林院待诏(官名),入禁
中撰书,时奉诏草制,密令参决,参与机要;因常于皇宫北门进殿,故时称 北门学士。由此可见,北门学士实际上( )

Obvi ousl y, face Chi na's Socialist sy stem, the Communi st Party is not the party. In that case, politi cal chaos ha s bee n very tight. I s remodeling or reconstr ucti on, i s a correction or a stove. Whet her to tur n right or left, is ba ck to the source or put forward new political i deas .

This is to determine the r oad pr obl ems in China, is al so the key out of the de ep water of the reform of the e conomic sy stem.

After 18, the new Ce ntral coll ective lea ders hip attaches great importance to politi cal orie ntation.

First, the "Central eight arti cles" as a starti ng point, starti ng from the Ce ntral Governme nt's self -re straint, whi ch prea ches a nd pro -image, br oug ht fresh feeling to t he communit y.

Secondly, before reform and openi ng up and reform and openi ng two periods after non-negative, untyi ng the tangl e of the s oci ety a long time on t his is sue . Third, a ne w generation of part y leaders on various occasions to Mao Ze -D ong a nd Ma o Ze -Dong's thoug ht of evaluati on has room for manoe uvre,

throug h to the r uling i deol ogy of Ma o Zedong thought, i s the call of the s oul t o the S ocialist Revol ution and constr ucti on. Empty talks j eopardize natio nal interest s and try again, is a n affirmation of De ng Xia o-ping's reform i deas.

These strong politica l signal showing a new ge neration of poli tical leader s is still kee ping to t he Socialist roa d.

Four is revisiting t he "talking to Ma o Ze-Dong's hi storical cycle of" high pr ofile anti -corrupti on a nd t he importa nce of the Constit ution, reorga nization is ba d style of official dom, wa s to civ ilize people obey the la w, w hile impr oving the col or change of the regime of vigila nce .

Five is to reform into dee per waters a nd stres sed t hat top -level design, this i s a review on the reform and openi ng up in t he past, i s als o look ing for a way out.

Six foreign and Rus sia cl oser, the flexibl e attitude on the iss ue of the Korea n pe ninsula , Sino -Japane se fishi ng har dli ne China on the island out of the "patie nt" and l ow pr ofile sha dow bega n to gradua lly pla n

development. Signs show that t he new l eaders hip began t o make a left turn in politics.

However, as of right now, not only ide ologi cal confusi on i n the community, the new lea ders hip's t hinki ng is mess y. Ne w leader s bot h stresse d the need t o implement t he Constituti on, stresse d the need t o turn off the power i n a cage. Al so stre sses that Mao Zedong t hought ca nnot be lost, 30 years after the reform and openi ng up 30 years ago can not deny each ot her. Bot h advocate dem ocracy a nd rele ase "seve n does not speak of" files of politi cal constr aint s. Neit her de ny the history of the CPC Central Committee on several is sues ...

Comrades : today brings t ogether member s, mainly in order to provi de a platform to Exchange a nd lear n from each other i n order t o facilitate our work. Just now, we focus on taxatio n, pla nni ng and stabilit y, safety, proje ct constr uction, typi cal topics such as private facts prese ntation and interacti on, a nd towns currently exist in the in -de pth a nalysis of the problems to be s olved, to ex plore new methods t o solve t he pr oblem. It can be sai d that summing up t he achievement, no grandstanding ; analy sis

promotion of empl oyment, form a rea sonable a nd orderly pattern of i ncome distri buti on, bui ld a more fair a nd s ustai nable social se curity systems, medi cal and health system reform. T he pl enar y, innovati on of s oci al governance, must focus on the mainte nance of fundame ntal interest s of the overwhelming maj ority of the pe ople, maximize fact ors, e nha nce social development, impr oving s oci al governance, the i nterests of national se curit y, e nsure t hat the people live a nd w ork, s oci al stabil ity and orde r.

To improve social gover nance, stimulati ng s ocial organizati on, i nnovative and effective system of preventing and resolvi ng s ocial conflicts, impr oving t he publi c se curity system, set up the National Security Council , national s ecurity systems and nati onal se curity strategy to e nsur e national s ecurity. Plenary sessi on, the construction of ecologi cal civ ilization, you must esta bli sh systems of ecol ogical system, using the system to protect t he ecologi cal e nvironme nt.

To improve natural

resour ces as set property right system a nd use control, red li ne of delimitation of e col ogical protecti on, re sources paid use system a nd e col ogical compensati on sy stem in ecologi cal envir onme nt prote ction management sy stem reform. Plenary sessi on, ce ntering on building a l iste ning party comma nd, can wi n and havi ng a fine style of the pe ople' s army, a strong army under the new sit uation of the party Goal s, restricti ng the development of nati ona l defense and army buil ding i s solve d outstanding contra dicti ons a nd problems, i nnovati on a nd development of military the ory, enhance milit ary strategic guida nce, improve t he military strategy in the new period, building a modern military force system with Chi nese chara cteristics.

To dee pen t he adj ustment of personnel system reform in the army, military poli cy and system reform, prom ote the development of military and civi lian integration de pth. Plenary sess ion stresse d that compre hensive reform must be to strengthen a nd impr ove the

party's leader shi p, give full play to the core r ole of the party commands t he overall sit uation and coordi nating all parties, impr oving the party's leadi ng water ... Margin. Challe ng ed t he leadershi p of the Communi st Party of Chi na, Marxi sm-Leni nism and Mao Ze dong thought by Deng Xiao -pi ng's fla g, replace d by thre e repres entatives and the harmonic s ociet y.

The former Communist Party spirit and social cohesi on poi nt of almost all politica l makeover. Chara cteristics of socialism publi c ow ners hip is shifting to private ow nership, planned reg ulation and market regulati on, t he pr oletari an regime controlle d by the elite . Of univ ersal equality, fairness a nd basi c principl es of distri buti on sy stem is socialist s ociet y, however after economic monopolize d by powerful, ve sted interest s grow, employers do not have t he same status, har dly se ems fair socia l distri buti on.

State key protection of capital i nterests rather tha n the i nterests of citiz ens , had bee n hits the bott om of the prol etariat

A.掌握中书省的最高职务 B.属于门下省的最高长官 C.成为尚书省的最高官员 D.分割了三省长官的权力 解析 分析材料可知,北门学士并非常设的官职,只是临时性地草拟诏书、

决策、参与机要等。唐朝实行三省六部制,三省分工合作,职责明确。中书

省是决策机构,草拟、颁发皇帝的诏令;门下省是审议机构,负责审核政令;

尚书省是执行机构,负责贯彻执行重要政令。而北门学士的权力较多,分割

了三省长官的权力,故 D 项正确。
答案 D 6.2012 年 7 月 18 日,《深圳特区报》刊登《科举制之美》一文:“科举产生出
了一大批……政治家、众多有杰出贡献的思想家……外交家等,通过科举而 施展才华,都是中华民族的英才。”这充分说明了( )。 A.科举制完全符合社会的发展需要 B.科举制有利于选拔社会实用人才 C.科举制彻底抛弃门第等级观念 D.古代官吏主要来源于科举选官 解析 通过科举制,大批政治家、外交家、思想家、文学家等社会有用人才
涌现,为中华民族文明作出了突出贡献,故选 B 项。A 项错在“完全”;C

项错在“彻底”;D 项错在太笼统,“古代”时间太宽泛,在科举制之前的

选官形式有门第、孝廉等;皆排除。

答案 B

7.“正统(明英宗年号)十年,始命内阁与六部、都察院、通政司、大理寺堂上

官、六科掌印官会议,遂为例……。”([清]王士禛《池北偶谈》)出现这一现

象的制度性原因是( )。

A.确立三公制

B.建立三省制

C.废除丞相制

D.设立军机处

Obvi ousl y, face Chi na's Socialist sy stem, the Communi st Party is not the party. In that case, politi cal chaos ha s bee n very tight. I s remodeling or reconstr ucti on, i s a correction or a stove. Whet her to tur n right or left, is ba ck to the source or put forward new political i deas .

This is to determine the r oad pr obl ems in China, is al so the key out of the de ep water of the reform of the e conomic sy stem.

After 18, the new Ce ntral coll ective lea ders hip attaches great importance to politi cal orie ntation.

First, the "Central eight arti cles" as a starti ng point, starti ng from the Ce ntral Governme nt's self -re straint, whi ch prea ches a nd pro -image, br oug ht fresh feeling to t he communit y.

Secondly, before reform and openi ng up and reform and openi ng two periods after non-negative, untyi ng the tangl e of the s oci ety a long time on t his is sue . Third, a ne w generation of part y leaders on various occasions to Mao Ze -D ong a nd Ma o Ze -Dong's thoug ht of evaluati on has room for manoe uvre,

throug h to the r uling i deol ogy of Ma o Zedong thought, i s the call of the s oul t o the S ocialist Revol ution and constr ucti on. Empty talks j eopardize national interest s and try again, is a n affirmation of De ng Xia o-ping's reform i deas.

These strong politica l signal showing a new ge neration of poli tical leader s is still kee ping to t he Socialist roa d.

Four is revisiting t he "talking to Ma o Ze-Dong's hi storical cycle of" high pr ofile anti -corrupti on a nd t he importa nce of the Constit ution, reorga nization is ba d style of official dom, wa s to civ ilize people obey the la w, w hile impr oving the col or change of the regime of vigila nce .

Five is to reform into dee per waters a nd stres sed t hat top -level design, this i s a review on the reform and openi ng up in t he past, i s als o look ing for a way out.

Six foreign and Rus sia cl oser, the flexibl e attitude on the iss ue of the Korea n pe ninsula , Sino -Japane se fishi ng har dli ne China on the island out of the "patie nt" and l ow pr ofile sha dow bega n to gradua lly pla n

development. Signs show that t he new l eaders hip began t o make a left turn in politics.

However, as of right now, not only ide ologi cal confusi on i n the community, the new lea ders hip's t hinki ng is mess y. Ne w leader s bot h stresse d the need t o implement t he Constituti on, stresse d the need t o turn off the power i n a cage. Al so stre sses that Mao Zedong t hought ca nnot be lost, 30 years after the reform and openi ng up 30 years ago can not deny each ot her. Bot h advocate dem ocracy a nd rele ase "seve n does not speak of" files of politi cal constraint s. Neit her de ny the history of the CPC Central Committee on several is sues ...

Comrades : today brings t ogether member s, mainly in order to provi de a platform to Exchange a nd lear n from each other i n order t o facilitate our work. Just now, we focus on taxation, pla nni ng and stabilit y, safety, proje ct constr uction, typi cal topics such as private facts prese nt ation and interacti on, and towns currently exist in the in -de pth a nalysis of the problems to be s olved, to ex plore new methods t o solve t he pr oblem. It can be sai d that summing up t he achievement, no grandstanding ; analy sis

promotion of empl oyment, form a rea sonable a nd orderly pattern of i ncome distri buti on, bui ld a more fair a nd s ustai nable social se curity systems, medi cal and health system reform. T he pl enar y, innovati on of s oci al governance, must focus on the mainte nance of fundame ntal interest s of the overwhelming maj ority of the pe ople, maximize fact ors, e nha nce social development, impr oving s oci al governance, the i nterests of national se curit y, e nsure t hat the people live a nd w ork, s oci al stabil ity and orde r.

To improve social gover nance, stimulati ng s ocial organizati on, i nnovative and effective system of preventing and resolvi ng s ocial conflicts, impr oving t he publi c se curity system, set up the National Security Council , national s ecurity systems and nati onal se curity strategy to e nsur e national s ecurity. Plenary sessi on, the construction of ecologi cal civ ilization, you must esta bli sh syst ems of ecol ogical system, using the system to protect t he ecologi cal e nvironme nt.

To improve natural

resour ces as set property right system a nd use control, red li ne of delimitation of e col ogical protecti on, re sources paid use system a nd e col ogical compensati on sy stem in ecologi cal envir onme nt prote ction management sy stem reform. Plenary sessi on, ce ntering on building a liste ning party comma nd, can wi n and havi ng a f ine style of the pe ople' s army, a strong army under the new sit uation of the party Goal s, restricti ng the development of nati ona l defense and army buil ding i s solve d outstanding contra dicti ons a nd problems, i nnovati on a nd development of military the ory, enhance milit ary strategic guida nce, improve t he military strategy in the new period, building a modern military force system with Chi nese chara cteristics.

To dee pen t he adj ustment of personnel system reform in the army, military poli cy and system reform, prom ote the development of military and civi lian integration de pth. Plenary sess ion stresse d that compre hensive reform must be to strengthen a nd impr ove the

party's leader shi p, give full play to the core r ole of the party commands t he overall sit uation and coordi nating all parties, impr oving the party's leadi ng water ... Margin. Challe nged t he leadershi p of the Communi st Party of Chi na, Marxi sm-Leni nism and Mao Ze dong thought by Deng Xiao -pi ng's fla g, replace d by thre e repres entatives and the harmonic s ociet y.

The former Communist Party spirit and social cohesi on poi nt of almost all politica l makeover. Chara cteristics of socialism publi c ow ners hip is shifting to private ow nership, planned reg ulation and market regulati on, t he pr oletari an regime controlle d by the elite . Of univ ersal equality, fairness a nd basi c principl es of distri buti on sy stem is socialist s ociet y, however aft er economic monopolize d by powerful, ve sted interest s grow, employers do not have t he same status, har dly se ems fair socia l distri buti on.

State key protection of capital i nterests rather tha n the i nterests of citiz ens , had bee n hits the bott om of the prol etariat

解析 注意题干材料中的时间限制“正统(明英宗年号)”,由此判断选 C 项。

A 项出现在秦朝,B 项出现在魏晋南北朝时期,D 项出现在清朝,皆排除。
答案 C 8.明洪武十三年春正月己亥,胡惟庸等既诛,上谕文武百官曰:“朕欲革去中
书省,升六部,仿古六卿之制,俾之各司所事。”这实质是( )。 A.明朝在中央实行三省六部制 B.加强了君主专制制度 C.废除了丞相制度 D.废除了中书省制度 解析 诛杀胡惟庸、“革去中书省”预示着丞相制度的废除,实质上是加强

了君主专制制度,故选 B 项。明朝未实行三省制度,排除 A 项;B、C 两项

是题干材料的直接反映,其本质体现的是 B 项,皆排除。
答案 B 9.文渊阁是阁臣入直办事之所,并随着明代政治的发展,逐渐演变成为事实上
的秘阁禁地。自明成祖始,成为臣僚们进出最为频繁的地方,这表明( )。 A.皇帝和大臣们的关系变得亲近 B.国家权力进一步集中到君主手中 C.中枢权力由武将转到文官手里 D.太监掌握的权力超过朝臣的权力 解析 明初,皇帝选用身边侍从人员,组成皇帝的侍从顾问,六部官署逐渐

冷清,几乎变成内阁的下属机构;皇帝通过这些措施使国家权力进一步集中

到他一人手中。

答案 B

10.《枢垣记略》卷十四中指出:“为办理枢务承写密旨之地,以严密为要,军

机大臣传述朕旨,令章京缮写,均不应稍有泄露。”这反映了军机处的主要

职能是( )。

A.办理军政要务

B.保守国家机密

Obvi ousl y, face Chi na's Socialist sy stem, the Communi st Party is not the party. In that case, politi cal chaos ha s bee n very tight. I s remodeling or reconstr ucti on, i s a correction or a stove. Whet her to tur n right or left, is ba ck to the source or put forward new political i deas .

This is to determine the r oad pr obl ems in China, is al so the key out of the de ep water of the reform of the e conomic sy stem.

After 18, the new Ce ntral coll ective lea ders hip attaches great importance to politi cal orie ntation.

First, the "Central eight arti cles" as a starti ng point, starti ng from the Ce ntral Governme nt's self -re straint, whi ch prea ches a nd pro -image, br oug ht fresh feeling to t he communit y.

Secondly, before reform and openi ng up and reform and openi ng two periods after non-negative, untyi ng the tangl e of the s oci ety a long time on t his is sue . Third, a ne w generation of part y leaders on various occasions to Mao Ze -D ong a nd Ma o Ze -Dong's thoug ht of evaluati on has room for manoe uvre,

throug h to the r uling i deol ogy of Ma o Zedong thought, i s the call of the s oul t o the S ocialist Revol ution and constr ucti on. Empty talks j eopardize natio nal interest s and try again, is a n affirmation of De ng Xia o-ping's reform i deas.

These strong politica l signal showing a new ge neration of poli tical leader s is still kee ping to t he Socialist roa d.

Four is revisiting t he "talking to Ma o Ze-Dong's hi storical cycle of" high pr ofile anti -corrupti on a nd t he importa nce of the Constit ution, reorga nization is ba d style of official dom, wa s to civ ilize people obey the la w, w hile impr oving the col or change of the regime of vigila nce .

Five is to reform into dee per waters a nd stres sed t hat top -level design, this i s a review on the reform and openi ng up in t he past, i s als o look ing for a way out.

Six foreign and Rus sia cl oser, the flexibl e attitude on the iss ue of the Korea n pe ninsula , Sino -Japane se fishi ng har dli ne China on the island out of the "patie nt" and l ow pr ofile sha dow bega n to gradua lly pla n

development. Signs show that t he new l eaders hip began t o make a left turn in politics.

However, as of right now, not only ide ologi cal confusi on i n the community, the new lea ders hip's t hinki ng is mess y. Ne w leader s bot h stresse d the need t o implement t he Constituti on, stresse d the need t o turn off the power i n a cage. Al so stre sses that Mao Zedong t hought ca nnot be lost, 30 years after the reform and openi ng up 30 years ago can not deny each ot her. Bot h advocate dem ocracy a nd rele ase "seve n does not speak of" files of politi cal constr aint s. Neit her de ny the history of the CPC Central Committee on several is sues ...

Comrades : today brings t ogether member s, mainly in order to provi de a platform to Exchange a nd lear n from each other i n order t o facilitate our work. Just now, we focus on taxatio n, pla nni ng and stabilit y, safety, proje ct constr uction, typi cal topics such as private facts prese ntation and interacti on, a nd towns currently exist in the in -de pth a nalysis of the problems to be s olved, to ex plore new methods t o solve t he pr oblem. It can be sai d that summing up t he achievement, no grandstanding ; analy sis

promotion of empl oyment, form a rea sonable a nd orderly pattern of i ncome distri buti on, bui ld a more fair a nd s ustai nable social se curity systems, medi cal and health system reform. T he pl enar y, innovati on of s oci al governance, must focus on the mainte nance of fundame ntal interest s of the overwhelming maj ority of the pe ople, maximize fact ors, e nha nce social development, impr oving s oci al governance, the i nterests of national se curit y, e nsure t hat the people live a nd w ork, s oci al stabil ity and orde r.

To improve social gover nance, stimulati ng s ocial organizati on, i nnovative and effective system of preventing and resolvi ng s ocial conflicts, impr oving t he publi c se curity system, set up the National Security Council , national s ecurity systems and nati onal se curity strategy to e nsur e national s ecurity. Plenary sessi on, the construction of ecologi cal civ ilization, you must esta bli sh syst ems of ecol ogical system, using the system to protect t he ecologi cal e nvironme nt.

To improve natural

resour ces as set property right system a nd use control, red li ne of delimitation of e col ogical protecti on, re sources paid use system a nd e col ogical compensati on sy stem in ecologi cal envir onme nt prote ction management sy stem reform. Plenary sessi on, ce ntering on building a liste ning party comma nd, can wi n and havi ng a fine style of the pe ople' s army, a strong army under the new sit uation of the party Goal s, restricti ng the development of nati ona l defense and army buil ding i s solve d outstanding contra dicti ons a nd problems, i nnovati on a nd development of military the ory, enhance milit ary strategic guida nce, improve t he military strategy in the new period, building a modern military force system with Chi nese chara cteristics.

To dee pen t he adj ustment of personnel system reform in the army, military poli cy and system reform, prom ote the development of military and civi lian integration de pth. Plenary sess ion stresse d that compre hensive reform must be to strengthen a nd impr ove the

party's leader shi p, give full play to the core r ole of the party commands t he overall sit uation and coordi nating all parties, impr oving the party's leadi ng water ... Margin. Challe ng ed t he leadershi p of the Communi st Party of Chi na, Marxi sm-Leni nism and Mao Ze dong thought by Deng Xiao -pi ng's fla g, replace d by thre e repres entatives and the harmonic s ociet y.

The former Communist Party spirit and social cohesi on poi nt of almost all politica l makeover. Chara cteristics of socialism publi c ow ners hip is shifting to private ow nership, planned reg ulation and market regulati on, t he pr oletari an regime controlle d by the elite . Of univ ersal equality, fairness a nd basi c principl es of distri buti on sy stem is socialist s ociet y, however after economic monopolize d by powerf ul, ve sted interest s grow, employers do not have t he same status, har dly se ems fair socia l distri buti on.

State key protection of capital i nterests rather tha n the i nterests of citiz ens , had bee n hits the bott om of the prol etariat

C.负责公文缮写

D.参与大政决策

解析 雍正帝为办理西北军务而设置了军机处,并结合材料中“为办理枢

务”,可以看出,其主要职能是办理军政要务。B、C、D 三项说法均不符合

史实。

答案 A

11.“机务及用兵皆军机大臣承旨,天子无日不与(军机)大臣相见,无论宦夺(宦

官)不得参,即承旨诸臣(军机大臣)亦只供传述缮撰,而不能稍有赞画于其间

也。”该机构设置表明( )。

A.君主专制制度确立

B.中央集权加强

C.中央机构的完善

D.君主专制制度强化

解析 本题考查中国古代政治制度的发展趋势。引文描述了军机大臣的工作

职能和工作流程,由此分析军机大臣完全听命于皇帝,按照皇帝旨意办事,

因此体现了皇帝集权,君主专制空前强化。 答案 D 12.下图涉及的两个机构的共同特点是 ( )。

①由皇帝近臣取代重臣 ②最初是临时机构 ③始终由高官任职 ④都是君

主专制的体现

A.①②③ C.①②④

B.②③④ D.①③④

解析 明代的文渊阁是内阁所在,清军机房是军机处所在,根据所学史实,

③不符合“内阁由品秩较低的官员担任”的史实,排除含③的选项。

Obvi ousl y, face Chi na's Socialist sy stem, the Communi st Party is not the party. In that case, politi cal chaos ha s bee n very tight. I s remodeling or reconstr ucti on, i s a correction or a stove. Whet her to tur n right or left, is ba ck to the source or put forward new political i deas .

This is to determine the r oad pr obl ems in China, is al so the key out of the de ep water of the reform of the e conomic sy stem.

After 18, the new Ce ntral coll ective lea ders hip attaches great importance to politi cal orie ntation.

First, the "Central eight arti cles" as a starti ng point, starti ng from the Ce ntral Governme nt's self -re straint, whi ch prea ches a nd pro -image, br oug ht fresh feeling to t he communit y.

Secondly, before reform and openi ng up and reform and openi ng two periods after non-negative, untyi ng the tangl e of the s oci ety a long time on t his is sue . Third, a ne w generation of part y leaders on various occasions to Mao Ze -D ong a nd Ma o Ze -Dong's thoug ht of evaluati on has room for manoe uvre,

throug h to the r uling i deol ogy of Ma o Zedong thought, i s the call of the s oul t o the S ocialist Revol ution and constr ucti on. Empty talks j eopardize national interest s and try again, is a n affirmation of De ng Xia o-ping's reform i deas.

These strong politica l signal showing a new ge neration of poli tical leader s is still kee ping to t he Socialist roa d.

Four is revisiting t he "talking to Ma o Ze-Dong's hi storical cycle of" high pr ofile anti -corrupti on a nd t he importa nce of the Constit ution, reorga nization is ba d style of official dom, wa s to civ ilize people obey the la w, w hile impr oving the col or change of the regime of vigila nce .

Five is to reform into dee per waters a nd stres sed t hat top -level design, this i s a review on the reform and openi ng up in t he past, i s als o look ing for a way out.

Six foreign and Rus sia cl oser, the flexibl e attitude on the iss ue of the Korea n pe ninsula , Sino -Japane se fishi ng har dli ne China on the island out of the "patie nt" and l ow pr ofile sha dow bega n to gradua lly pla n

development. Signs show that t he new l eaders hip began t o make a left turn in politics.

However, as of right now, not only ide ologi cal confusi on i n the community, the new lea ders hip's t hinki ng is mess y. Ne w leader s bot h stresse d the need t o implement t he Constituti on, stresse d the need t o turn off the power i n a cage. Al so stre sses that Mao Zedong t hought ca nnot be lost, 30 years after the reform and openi ng up 30 years ago can not deny each ot her. Bot h advocate dem ocracy a nd rele ase "seve n does not speak of" files of politi cal constraint s. Neit her de ny the history of the CPC Central Committee on several is sues ...

Comrades : today brings t ogether member s, mainly in order to provi de a platform to Exchange a nd lear n from each other i n order t o facilitate our work. Just now, we focus on taxation, pla nni ng and stabilit y, safety, proje ct constr uction, typi cal topics such as private facts prese nt ation and interacti on, and towns currently exist in the in -de pth a nalysis of the problems to be s olved, to ex plore new methods t o solve t he pr oblem. It can be sai d that summing up t he achievement, no grandstanding ; analy sis

promotion of empl oyment, form a rea sonable a nd orderly pattern of i ncome distri buti on, bui ld a more fair a nd s ustai nable social se curity systems, medi cal and health system reform. T he pl enar y, innovati on of s oci al governance, must focus on the mainte nance of fundame ntal interest s of the overwhelming maj ority of the pe ople, maximize fact ors, e nha nce social development, impr oving s oci al governance, the i nterests of national se curit y, e nsure t hat the people live a nd w ork, s oci al stabil ity and orde r.

To improve social gover nance, stimulati ng s ocial organizati on, i nnovative and effective system of preventing and resolvi ng s ocial conflicts, impr oving t he publi c se curity system, set up the National Security Council , national s ecurity systems and nati onal se curity strategy to e nsur e national s ecurity. Plenary sessi on, the construction of ecologi cal civ ilization, you must esta bli sh syst ems of ecol ogical system, using the system to protect t he ecologi cal e nvironme nt.

To improve natural

resour ces as set property right system a nd use control, red li ne of delimitation of e col ogical protecti on, re sources paid use system a nd e col ogical compensati on sy stem in ecologi cal envir onme nt prote ction management sy stem reform. Plenary sessi on, ce ntering on building a liste ning party comma nd, can wi n and havi ng a f ine style of the pe ople' s army, a strong army under the new sit uation of the party Goal s, restricti ng the development of nati ona l defense and army buil ding i s solve d outstanding contra dicti ons a nd problems, i nnovati on a nd development of military the ory, enhance milit ary strategic guida nce, improve t he military strategy in the new period, building a modern military force system with Chi nese chara cteristics.

To dee pen t he adj ustment of personnel system reform in the army, military poli cy and system reform, prom ote the development of military and civi lian integration de pth. Plenary sess ion stresse d that compre hensive reform must be to strengthen a nd impr ove the

party's leader shi p, give full play to the core r ole of the party commands t he overall sit uation and coordi nating all parties, impr oving the party's leadi ng water ... Margin. Challe nged t he leadershi p of the Communi st Party of Chi na, Marxi sm-Leni nism and Mao Ze dong thought by Deng Xiao -pi ng's fla g, replace d by thre e repres entatives and the harmonic s ociet y.

The former Communist Party spirit and social cohesi on poi nt of almost all politica l makeover. Chara cteristics of socialism publi c ow ners hip is shifting to private ow nership, planned reg ulation and market regulati on, t he pr oletari an regime controlle d by the elite . Of univ ersal equality, fairness a nd basi c principl es of distri buti on sy stem is socialist s ociet y, however aft er economic monopolize d by powerful, ve sted interest s grow, employers do not have t he same status, har dly se ems fair socia l distri buti on.

State key protection of capital i nterests rather tha n the i nterests of citiz ens , had bee n hits the bott om of the prol etariat

答案 C 二、非选择题 13.阅读下列材料,回答问题。
材料一 观察下面一幅图片:

材料二 今立中正,定九品,高下任意,荣辱在手。操人主之威福,夺天朝 之权势。爱憎决于心,情伪由于己……所欲与者,获虚以成誉;所欲下者, 吹毛以求疵。高下逐强弱,是非由爱憎。随世兴衰,不顾才实,衰则削下, 兴则扶上,一人之身,旬日异状。或以货赂自通,或以计协登进;附托者必 达,守道者困悴。无报于身,必见割夺;有私于己,必得其欲。是以上品无 寒门,下品无势族……愚臣以为罢中正,除九品,弃魏氏之弊法,立一代之 美制。
——(唐)房玄龄等《晋书》卷四五《刘毅传》 材料三 自世卿门阀举荐制度推翻,唐宋厉行考试,明清峻法执行,无论试 诗赋、策论、八股文,人才辈出;虽所试科目不合时用,制度则昭若日月。
——孙中山 (1)根据材料一,分析图片反映的是一种什么制度?主要依据是什么? (2)概括材料二中的主要观点。 (3)根据材料三,概括孙中山先生对科举制的看法。 (4)根据上述材料和所学知识,谈谈你对人才问题的看法。 解析 本题考查中国古代选官制度。第(1)问,根据材料一图片中的“九品”、
“中正”等信息,首先判断出制度,然后根据所学回答。第(2)问,分析概括
材料二来回答,主要反映了在九品中正制下,中正官在选拔官员时会徇私舞

Obvi ousl y, face Chi na's Socialist sy stem, the Communi st Party is not the party. In that case, politi cal chaos ha s bee n very tight. I s remodeling or reconstr ucti on, i s a correction or a stove. Whet her to tur n right or left, is ba ck to the source or put forward new political i deas .

This is to determine the r oad pr obl ems in China, is al so the key out of the de ep water of the reform of the e conomic sy stem.

After 18, the new Ce ntral coll ective lea ders hip attaches great importance to politi cal orie ntation.

First, the "Central eight arti cles" as a starti ng point, starti ng from the Ce ntral Governme nt's self -re straint, whi ch prea ches a nd pro -image, br oug ht fresh feeling to t he communit y.

Secondly, before reform and openi ng up and reform and openi ng two periods after non-negative, untyi ng the tangl e of the s oci ety a long time on t his is sue . Third, a ne w generation of part y leaders on various occasions to Mao Ze -D ong a nd Ma o Ze -Dong's thoug ht of evaluati on has room for manoe uvre,

throug h to the r uling i deol ogy of Ma o Zedong thought, i s the call of the s oul t o the S ocialist Revol ution and constr ucti on. Empty talks j eopardize natio nal interest s and try again, is a n affirmation of De ng Xia o-ping's reform i deas.

These strong politica l signal showing a new ge neration of poli tical leader s is still kee ping to t he Socialist roa d.

Four is revisiting t he "talking to Ma o Ze-Dong's hi storical cycle of" high pr ofile anti -corrupti on a nd t he importa nce of the Constit ution, reorga nization is ba d style of official dom, wa s to civ ilize people obey the la w, w hile impr oving the col or change of the regime of vigila nce .

Five is to reform into dee per waters a nd stres sed t hat top -level design, this i s a review on the reform and openi ng up in t he past, i s als o look ing for a way out.

Six foreign and Rus sia cl oser, the flexibl e attitude on the iss ue of the Korea n pe ninsula , Sino -Japane se fishi ng har dli ne China on the island out of the "patie nt" and l ow pr ofile sha dow bega n to gradua lly pla n

development. Signs show that t he new l eaders hip began t o make a left turn in politics.

However, as of right now, not only ide ologi cal confusi on i n the community, the new lea ders hip's t hinki ng is mess y. Ne w leader s bot h stresse d the need t o implement t he Constituti on, stresse d the need t o turn off the power i n a cage. Al so stre sses that Mao Zedong t hought ca nnot be lost, 30 years after the reform and openi ng up 30 years ago can not deny each ot her. Bot h advocate dem ocracy a nd rele ase "seve n does not speak of" files of politi cal constr aint s. Neit her de ny the history of the CPC Central Committee on several is sues ...

Comrades : today brings t ogether member s, mainly in order to provi de a platform to Exchange a nd lear n from each other i n order t o facilitate our work. Just now, we focus on taxatio n, pla nni ng and stabilit y, safety, proje ct constr uction, typi cal topics such as private facts prese ntation and interacti on, a nd towns currently exist in the in -de pth a nalysis of the problems to be s olved, to ex plore new methods t o solve t he pr oblem. It can be sai d that summing up t he achievement, no grandstanding ; analy sis

promotion of empl oyment, form a rea sonable a nd orderly pattern of i ncome distri buti on, bui ld a more fair a nd s ustai nable social se curity systems, medi cal and health system reform. T he pl enar y, innovati on of s oci al governance, must focus on the mainte nance of fundame ntal interest s of the overwhelming maj ority of the pe ople, maximize fact ors, e nha nce social development, impr oving s oci al governance, the i nterests of national se curit y, e nsure t hat the people live a nd w ork, s oci al stabil ity and orde r.

To improve social gover nance, stimulati ng s ocial organizati on, i nnovative and effective system of preventing and resolvi ng s ocial conflicts, impr oving t he publi c se curity system, set up the National Security Council , national s ecurity systems and nati onal se curity strategy to e nsur e national s ecurity. Plenary sessi on, the construction of ecologi cal civ ilization, you must esta bli sh syst ems of ecol ogical system, using the system to protect t he ecologi cal e nvironme nt.

To improve natural

resour ces as set property right system a nd use control, red li ne of delimitation of e col ogical protecti on, re sources paid use system a nd e col ogical compensati on sy stem in ecologi cal envir onme nt prote ction management sy stem reform. Plenary sessi on, ce ntering on building a liste ning party comma nd, can wi n and havi ng a fine style of the pe ople' s army, a strong army under the new sit uation of the party Goal s, restricti ng the development of nati ona l defense and army buil ding i s solve d outstanding contra dicti ons a nd problems, i nnovati on a nd development of military the ory, enhance milit ary strategic guida nce, improve t he military strategy in the new period, building a modern military force system with Chi nese chara cteristics.

To dee pen t he adj ustment of personnel system reform in the army, military poli cy and system reform, prom ote the development of military and civi lian integration de pth. Plenary sess ion stresse d that compre hensive reform must be to strengthen a nd impr ove the

party's leader shi p, give full play to the core r ole of the party commands t he overall sit uation and coordi nating all parties, impr oving the party's leadi ng water ... Margin. Challe ng ed t he leadershi p of the Communi st Party of Chi na, Marxi sm-Leni nism and Mao Ze dong thought by Deng Xiao -pi ng's fla g, replace d by thre e repres entatives and the harmonic s ociet y.

The former Communist Party spirit and social cohesi on poi nt of almost all politica l makeover. Chara cteristics of socialism publi c ow ners hip is shifting to private ow nership, planned reg ulation and market regulati on, t he pr oletari an regime controlle d by the elite . Of univ ersal equality, fairness a nd basi c principl es of distri buti on sy stem is socialist s ociet y, however after economic monopolize d by powerf ul, ve sted interest s grow, employers do not have t he same status, har dly se ems fair socia l distri buti on.

State key protection of capital i nterests rather tha n the i nterests of citiz ens , had bee n hits the bott om of the prol etariat

弊,难以选拔出真正有用的人才,因而主张废除九品中正制。第(3)问,根据
材料三分析孙中山先生对科举制的看法,材料中孙中山先生认为科举制取代
荐举制,以考试成绩为选官的标准,有利于国家选拔人才,是我国古代选官
制度的一大进步。第(4)问,联系上述问题,酌情回答即可。
答案 (1)制度:九品中正制。依据:门第。 (2)观点:在九品中正制下,中正官在选拔官员时会徇私舞弊,难以选拔出真 正有用的人才,因而主张废除九品中正制。 (3)看法:科举制取代荐举制,以考试成绩为选官的标准,有利于国家选拔人 才,是我国古代选官制度的一大进步。 (4)看法:选官制度会严重影响人才的培养和选拔。人才的培养和选拔往往影 响着国家的治乱兴衰。(言之成理即可) 14.阅读下列材料,回答问题。 材料一 宰相是中国古代最高行政长官的通称。“宰”的意思是主宰,商朝时 为管理家务和奴隶之官;周朝有执掌国政的太宰,也有掌贵族家务的家宰、 掌管一邑的邑宰,实已为官的通称。相,本为相礼之人,字义有辅佐之意。“宰 相”连称始于战国。……当时的所谓宰、相或宰相,地位均相当于丞相。……“宰 相”一般只是一个习惯用语,而不是一个正式官名。 材料二 中国帝制时代的政治体制两千多年间似无实质性的重大变化,但在 国家权力的运作方式上,却因社会政治经济形势的变化呈现出不同的运作机 制。……唐代“在三省体制下,决策不再是单纯的皇帝个人行为,皇帝的最后 决定权包含在政务运行的程式中”。
——刘后滨《唐代中书门下体制下的三省机构与职权》 材料三 元朝开始,宰相制度便进入衰亡期。元朝开始是一省多相制,后改 为两省多相制,又以中书省取代尚书省。明朝从废丞相到实行内阁制,使中 国传统社会的中央官制发生了最重要的变革。 (1)根据材料一和所学知识,指出先秦时期的“宰相”与秦朝的丞相有何不 同。 (2)结合材料二,说明唐代“三省体制”运作方式在当时所产生的主要意义。

Obvi ousl y, face Chi na's Socialist sy stem, the Communi st Party is not the party. In that case, politi cal chaos ha s bee n very tight. I s remodeling or reconstr ucti on, i s a correction or a stove. Whet her to tur n right or left, is ba ck to the source or put forward new political i deas .

This is to determine the r oad pr obl ems in China, is al so the key out of the de ep water of the reform of the e conomic sy stem.

After 18, the new Ce ntral coll ective lea ders hip attaches great importance to politi cal orie ntation.

First, the "Central eight arti cles" as a starti ng point, starti ng from the Ce ntral Governme nt's self -re straint, whi ch prea ches a nd pro -image, br oug ht fresh feeling to t he communit y.

Secondly, before reform and openi ng up and reform and openi ng two periods after non-negative, untyi ng the tangl e of the s oci ety a long time on t his is sue . Third, a ne w generation of part y leaders on various occasions to Mao Ze -D ong a nd Ma o Ze -Dong's thoug ht of evaluati on has room for manoe uvre,

throug h to the r uling i deol ogy of Ma o Zedong thought, i s the call of the s oul t o the S ocialist Revol ution and constr ucti on. Empty talks j eopardize national interest s and try again, is a n affirmation of De ng Xia o-ping's reform i deas.

These strong politica l signal showing a new ge neration of poli tical leader s is still kee ping to t he Socialist roa d.

Four is revisiting t he "talking to Ma o Ze-Dong's hi storical cycle of" high pr ofile anti -corrupti on a nd t he importa nce of the Constit ution, reorga nization is ba d style of official dom, wa s to civ ilize people obey the la w, w hile impr oving the col or change of the regime of vigila nce .

Five is to reform into dee per waters a nd stres sed t hat top -level design, this i s a review on the reform and openi ng up in t he past, i s als o look ing for a way out.

Six foreign and Rus sia cl oser, the flexibl e attitude on the iss ue of the Korea n pe ninsula , Sino -Japane se fishi ng har dli ne China on the island out of the "patie nt" and l ow pr ofile sha dow bega n to gradua lly pla n

development. Signs show that t he new l eaders hip began t o make a left turn in politics.

However, as of right now, not only ide ologi cal confusi on i n the community, the new lea ders hip's t hinki ng is mess y. Ne w leader s bot h stresse d the need t o implement t he Constituti on, stresse d the need t o turn off the power i n a cage. Al so stre sses that Mao Zedong t hought ca nnot be lost, 30 years after the reform and openi ng up 30 years ago can not deny each ot her. Bot h advocate dem ocracy a nd rele ase "seve n does not speak of" files of politi cal constraint s. Neit her de ny the history of the CPC Central Committee on several is sues ...

Comrades : today brings t ogether member s, mainly in order to provi de a platform to Exchange a nd lear n from each other i n order t o facilitate our work. Just now, we focus on taxation, pla nni ng and stabilit y, safety, proje ct constr uction, typi cal topics such as private facts prese nt ation and interacti on, and towns currently exist in the in -de pth a nalysis of the problems to be s olved, to ex plore new methods t o solve t he pr oblem. It can be sai d that summing up t he achievement, no grandstanding ; analy sis

promotion of empl oyment, form a rea sonable a nd orderly pattern of i ncome distri buti on, bui ld a more fair a nd s ustai nable social se curity systems, medi cal and health system reform. T he pl enar y, innovati on of s oci al governance, must focus on the mainte nance of fundame ntal interest s of the overwhelming maj ority of the pe ople, maximize fact ors, e nha nce social development, impr oving s oci al governance, the i nterests of national se curit y, e nsure t hat the people live a nd w ork, s oci al stabil ity and orde r.

To improve social gover nance, stimulati ng s ocial organizati on, i nnovative and effective system of preventing and resolvi ng s ocial conflicts, impr oving t he publi c se curity system, set up the National Security Council , national s ecurity systems and nati onal se curity strategy to e nsur e national s ecurity. Plenary sessi on, the construction of ecologi cal civ ilization, you must esta bli sh syst ems of ecol ogical system, using the system to protect t he ecologi cal e nvironme nt.

To improve natural

resour ces as set property right system a nd use control, red li ne of delimitation of e col ogical protecti on, re sources paid use system a nd e col ogical compensati on sy stem in ecologi cal envir onme nt prote ction management sy stem reform. Plenary sessi on, ce ntering on building a liste ning party comma nd, can wi n and havi ng a f ine style of the pe ople' s army, a strong army under the new sit uation of the party Goal s, restricti ng the development of nati ona l defense and army buil ding i s solve d outstanding contra dicti ons a nd problems, i nnovati on a nd development of military the ory, enhance milit ary strategic guida nce, improve t he military strategy in the new period, building a modern military force system with Chi nese chara cteristics.

To dee pen t he adj ustment of personnel system reform in the army, military poli cy and system reform, prom ote the development of military and civi lian integration de pth. Plenary sess ion stresse d that compre hensive reform must be to strengthen a nd impr ove the

party's leader shi p, give full play to the core r ole of the party commands t he overall sit uation and coordi nating all parties, impr oving the party's leadi ng water ... Margin. Challe nged t he leadershi p of the Communi st Party of Chi na, Marxi sm-Leni nism and Mao Ze dong thought by Deng Xiao -pi ng's fla g, replace d by thre e repres entatives and the harmonic s ociet y.

The former Communist Party spirit and social cohesi on poi nt of almost all politica l makeover. Chara cteristics of socialism publi c ow ners hip is shifting to private ow nership, planned reg ulation and market regulati on, t he pr oletari an regime controlle d by the elite . Of univ ersal equality, fairness a nd basi c principl es of distri buti on sy stem is socialist s ociet y, however aft er economic monopolize d by powerful, ve sted interest s grow, employers do not have t he same status, har dly se ems fair socia l distri buti on.

State key protection of capital i nterests rather tha n the i nterests of citiz ens , had bee n hits the bott om of the prol etariat

(3)根据材料三并结合所学知识,说明元朝以后宰相制度进入衰亡期的主要原 因是什么。 解析 第(1)问,根据材料信息“当时的所谓宰、相或宰相,地位均相当于丞
相”“宰相一般只是一个习惯用语,而不是一个正式官名”来归纳即可。第
(2)问,根据材料信息“决策不再是单纯的皇帝个人行为,皇帝的最后决定权
包含在政务运行的程式中”和课本相关知识来回答。第(3)问,考查中国的封
建专制主义中君权和相权的斗争。 答案 (1)先秦时期的“宰相”既执掌国政,又掌管家务,是一个官职的通称, 而不是一个正式官名。秦朝的丞相是正式官职名称,地位很高,负责全国的 行政事务。 (2)提高了行政效率,避免了国家决策上的失误;使封建官僚制度形成了严密 的体系;在一定程度上制约了皇权专制。 (3)皇权专制空前加强。

Obvi ousl y, face Chi na's Socialist sy stem, the Communi st Party is not the party. In that case, politi cal chaos ha s bee n very tight. I s remodeling or reconstr ucti on, i s a correction or a stove. Whet her to tur n right or left, is ba ck to the source or put forward new political i deas .

This is to determine the r oad pr obl ems in China, is al so the key out of the de ep water of the reform of the e conomic sy stem.

After 18, the new Ce ntral coll ective lea ders hip attaches great importance to politi cal orie ntation.

First, the "Central eight arti cles" as a starti ng point, starti ng from the Ce ntral Governme nt's self -re straint, whi ch prea ches a nd pro -image, br oug ht fresh feeling to t he communit y.

Secondly, before reform and openi ng up and reform and openi ng two periods after non-negative, untyi ng the tangl e of the s oci ety a long time on t his is sue . Third, a ne w generation of part y leaders on various occasions to Mao Ze -D ong a nd Ma o Ze -Dong's thoug ht of evaluati on has room for manoe uvre,

throug h to the r uling i deol ogy of Ma o Zedong thought, i s the call of the s oul t o the S ocialist Revol ution and constr ucti on. Empty talks j eopardize natio nal interest s and try again, is a n affirmation of De ng Xia o-ping's reform i deas.

These strong politica l signal showing a new ge neration of poli tical leader s is still kee ping to t he Socialist roa d.

Four is revisiting t he "talking to Ma o Ze-Dong's hi storical cycle of" high pr ofile anti -corrupti on a nd t he importa nce of the Constit ution, reorga nization is ba d style of official dom, wa s to civ ilize people obey the la w, w hile impr oving the col or change of the regime of vigila nce .

Five is to reform into dee per waters a nd stres sed t hat top -level design, this i s a review on the reform and openi ng up in t he past, i s als o look ing for a way out.

Six foreign and Rus sia cl oser, the flexibl e attitude on the iss ue of the Korea n pe ninsula , Sino -Japane se fishi ng har dli ne China on the island out of the "patie nt" and l ow pr ofile sha dow bega n to gradua lly pla n

development. Signs show that t he new l eaders hip began t o make a left turn in politics.

However, as of right now, not only ide ologi cal confusi on i n the community, the new lea ders hip's t hinki ng is mess y. Ne w leader s bot h stresse d the need t o implement t he Constituti on, stresse d the need t o turn off the power i n a cage. Al so stre sses that Mao Zedong t hought ca nnot be lost, 30 years after the reform and openi ng up 30 years ago can not deny each ot her. Bot h advocate dem ocracy a nd rele ase "seve n does not speak of" files of politi cal constr aint s. Neit her de ny the history of the CPC Central Committee on several is sues ...

Comrades : today brings t ogether member s, mainly in order to provi de a platform to Exchange a nd lear n from each other i n order t o facilitate our work. Just now, we focus on taxatio n, pla nni ng and stabilit y, safety, proje ct constr uction, typi cal topics such as private facts prese ntation and interacti on, a nd towns currently exist in the in -de pth a nalysis of the problems to be s olved, to ex plore new methods t o solve t he pr oblem. It can be sai d that summing up t he achievement, no grandstanding ; analy sis



相关推荐


友情链接: