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高压电工进网作业培训 架空电力线路

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Dhe economi c devel opme nt in the new normal Of awarenes s errors, dee p awarene ss e conomic devel opment new normal of obje ctive inevita bility, prevent one -si dedness, a nd simplisti c, ca nnot to whether on hims elf favourable to j udge new normal ba d; can not put new normal a s a basket, w hat a re to in loa ded; cannot put new normal as have n, put work bad do, and di dn't dry good of reas ons are due Y u ne w normal, for not office r, and not devel opme nt find excuses . X C V E ) ( P L 1 x 'T Y j. w v k u d ,l" y p m f c b s z a g r O e h o it n Actively promote the s upply side of str uct ural reforms and implement t he CPC Central Committee defined "five pill ars of policy" and "five priorities", impl ement the maj or de cisi ons a nd arra ngements of the ce ntral support accelerated development of Fuj ian, a g ood grasp of the old S oviet areas, gr ee n development, pre cisi on significa nt opport unitie s to alleviate povert y. (4) lead to overcome difficulty, dare to pla y. Dare not sw ord, before major pr oblem s before not to grasp t he nettle a nd on front, afraid t o come forwar d before t he cris is and error can't be ar respons ibilit y, not firmly fight these iss ues before the evil, strengthe n the sense of responsibilit y, to take charge. Don't want to under the new sit uation, not a s good as is sue s, enhance vigor, growi ng new sk ills, new, do dry dry dry a ctive, d o we want t o do g ood, to take Shi Li uyin, graspi ng the iron mark strength a nd hard w ork together create a mental state of implementati on, reform a nd dev elopment of the promoter and the doer s. Insist on s eeking tr uth, a ct accordi ng to the la w, esta blis h the correct a chieveme nts vie w, and strive to create a sta nd t he ins pe ction of practi ce, people and hist ory of performance. (5) the lead i n impl ementation of stri ctly admini stering t he party re spons ible. For tube party r ule party poor, and party consci ousne ss i ndifference, and party work mis sing, for subje ct responsibi lity, a nd "a ga ng double accounta bility" implementati on not i n pla ce , and put busine ss w ork and party work fragmented from of pr obl em, for those thi nk are wind anti -corrupti on effect economi c dev elopment, err ors views , set full strictly rule party forever i n roa d of thoug ht, set gras p party is maximum achievement , and ca ug ht bad party is not compete nt, and not ca ught party is derelicti on of of cons cious ness , insisted t hought party a nd system rule party cl ose com bine d, stre ngthe ned a ccordi ng to r ules r ule party cons ciousne ss, Take res ponsi bility for the party the part y. Exer cis e to consci ously acce pt the party's political life, adhere to the principle of democrati c ce ntralism, s eriously carry out critici sm and self cr iticism, rig orous da ily manageme nt and s upervi sion of party mem bers, cadres, and maintai n pres sure agai nst cor ruption. To improv e style, cultivating g ood family tradition, care of families of the childre n a nd staff, press ", clear" pr i nci ple corre ctly ha ndle the relati onshi p betw een Gover nment and busi nes s, to create fresh politi cal e col ogy and the politi cs of environment. Graspi ng the learni ng conte nt, the le arni ng nee ds of more tha n at the same time, both party member s and leadi ng ca dres, and also practice job pra ctice study well Ge neral Se cretary XI Jinpi ng on l ocal w ork in this fiel d important s pee che s and dir e ctives, furt her unify their t hinki ng and a ction, clear work obje ctives a nd dire ction. To contr ol measure s in t he spee ch re quireme nt, implementati on a nalysis , identify gaps and weakne sses , target put forward spe cific meas ures to stre ngthe n and im prove the work, e nsuri ng the spirit la ndi ng implementati on. T hird, lear n about ways t o highlig ht the features of regular educati on, sti ck with the party bra nch

高压电工进网作业许可培训

第十二讲

一、架空电力线路技术要求

as t he ba sic unit"Thre e less ons" the Orga nization as t he ba sic form of the party, to carry out t he da ily management of party members such as democratic a pprais al system for ba sic s upport, w ell, int o the school, educati on a nd training of the party School of the cha nnel, int o regula r, everyday w or k on a better objective w orld a nd rem oldi ng of s ubje ctive worl d. You want t o combine studying the party's histor y, and make good use of the gutia n meeting, caixixiang surve y, G u Wen chang s pirit, Zha n H ongli old st ory and the County of Sue area, Us hida against "e ncircl ement" site of the forwar d comma nd post, F ujian a nd Jia ngxi provi nce s East County Soviet gover nment site , contine nts, s uch as site of the negotiati ons betwe en the KM T an d a wealt h of resource s, carry forwar d the party's fine tradition and style, making it a D X C V E ) ( P L 1 x 'T Y j. w v k d ,l" y p m f c b s z a g r O e h o it n u 效 无 代 权 授 法 未 改 涂 得 不 容 内 入 插 式 形 页 活 以 章 盖 字 签 方 双 号 编 案 备 查 审 经 , 的 项 事 定 约 有 。 写 填 真 认 毛 或 笔 钢 用 当 应 同 合 动 劳 spiritual pow er for party members a nd cadres . To contact focus on party members and ca dres ' ideol ogical a nd practica l work, persist i n com bini ng positive educati on a nd t he reverse s ide war ning , to adva nce d models as a mirror, to negative examples as a w arni ng. To local conditions, one poli cy, pr eventing t he pot, one size fits all, and fl ood irrigation to prevent formalism a nd t he motions to prevent routine a side , preventi ng easy to ope n, how many notes do to j udge study re sults . 1. grasp t he self -study. Party members accor ding to t heir act ual work a nd nee d to deve lop l earni ng pla ns , choos e their own lear ning content and methods, rea lly educate yourself. Party leadi ng ca dres s hould rea d, learn, and understa ndi ng of the origi nal pri nci ple, w ith convi ction, with affection, wit h a missi on to le arn, wit h iss ue. All party branches to strengthe n the party members to lear n s pecific g uida nce proposed lear ning re quireme nts, pre paration of simple, po pular st udy materials publis hed making Pocket Books, micr o-mi cro-vide o animation, using micr o-party lect ures, meet party member s ' diverse needs of different groups. Through rea ding a ctivities and knowledg e com petitions, lear ning out comes, a nd stimulate t he ent husi asm of party members to study a nd i nitiative. 2. im prove inte nsive discuss ions. 1 thematic focus on each bra nch per quarter. Coll ective lear ning branch to orga nize party members, ea ch study to determine on the t opi c, every party member must make prese ntations and dis cussions ar ound topics . Authorities a nd i nstituti ons of the party w here the party m embers to participate i n collective l earni ng time of 12 days, total of 6 days of ot her party members. Party groups organi ze regul ar party members t o focus on. First topi c is "belief and faith, strengt hen four kinds of cons ciousne ss", the time i n 4 -6 months ; the second theme i s "commitment to a dis cipli ned bottom li ne, l ofty sentiment" time in 7-9 mont hs; t he thir d topic is "party member s adhere to t he fundamental pur pose, play" time in 10 -12 months . Each bra nch ca n be practi cal, for further refinement a nd dis cus sion topics can also be a djuste d accor ding t o the needs, reflecti ng the chara cteristics of different groups of party member s, party members, and on t he. Party dis cussi on s hould close "servi ce deve lopme nt, a nd impr oving gover nment organ's styl e, enhance t he efficiency of a uthoritie s, to create first-cla ss performance" topi c, non -publi c e conomic organizati ons and instit utions party dis cus sion shoul d stick t o "to become business development pi oneer, l ove Dedi cated pioneers, i ntegrity pionee r, prom ote harmony pionee r, pi one er love "theme. 3 . tell a good party le cture. Party members and leadi ng ca dres s hould take the lea d in to t he br a nch give a Party lectur e. "71", br anch in

Dhe economi c devel opme nt in the new normal Of awarenes s errors, dee p awarene ss e conomic devel opment new normal of obje ctive inevita bility, prevent one -si dedness, a nd simplisti c, ca nnot to whether on hims elf favourable to j udge new normal ba d; cannot put new normal a s a basket , w hat a re to in loa ded; cannot put new normal as have n, put work bad do, and di dn't dry good of reas ons are due Y u ne w normal, for not off ice r, and not devel opme nt find excuses . X C V E ) ( P L 1 x 'T Y j. w v k u d ,l" y p m f c b s z a g r O e h o it n Actively promote the s upply side of struct ural reforms and implement t he CPC Central Committee defined "five pill ars of policy" and "five priorities", impl ement the maj or de cisi ons a nd arra ngements of the ce ntral support accelerated development of Fuj ian, a g ood grasp of the old S oviet areas, gree n development, pre cisi on significa nt opport unitie s to alleviate povert y. (4) lead to overcome difficulty, dare to pla y. Dare not sw ord, before major pr oblem s before not to grasp t he nettle a nd on front, afraid t o come forwar d before t he cris is and error can't be ar respons ibilit y, not firmly fight these iss ues before the evil, strengthe n the sense of responsibilit y, to take charge. Don't want to under the new sit uation, not a s good as is sue s, enhance vigor, growi ng new sk ills, new, do dry dry dry a ctive, do we want t o do g ood, to take Shi Li uyin, graspi ng the iron mark strength a nd hard w ork together create a mental state of implementati on, reform a nd dev elopment of the promoter and the doer s. Insist on s eeking tr uth, a ct accordi ng to the la w, esta blis h the correct a chieveme nts vie w, and strive t o create a sta nd t he ins pe ction of practi ce, people and hist ory of performance. (5) the lead i n impl ementation of stri ctly admini stering t he party re spons ible. For tube party r ule party poor, and party consci ousne ss i ndifference, and party work mis sing, for subje ct responsibi lity, a nd "a ga ng double accounta bility" implementati on not i n pla ce, and put busine ss w ork and party work frag mented from of pr obl em, for those thi nk are wind anti -corrupti on effect economi c dev elopment, err ors views , set full strictly rule party forever i n roa d of thoug ht, set gras p party is maximum achievement , and ca ught bad party is not compete nt, and not ca ug ht party is derelicti on of of cons cious ness , insisted t hought party a nd system rule party cl ose com bine d, stre ngthe ned a ccordi ng to r ules r ule party cons ciousne ss, Take res ponsi bility for the party the part y. Exercis e to consci ously acce pt the party's polit ical life, adhere to the principle of democrati c ce ntralism, s eriously carry out critici sm and self cr iticism, rig orous da ily manageme nt and s upervi sion of party mem bers, cadres, and maintai n pres sure agai nst corruption. To improv e style, cultivating g oo d family tradition, care of families of the childre n a nd staff, press ", clear" pri nci ple corre ctly ha ndle the relati onshi p betw een Gover nment and busi nes s, to create fresh politi cal e col ogy and the politi cs of environment. Graspi ng the learni ng conte nt, the le arni ng nee ds of more tha n at the same time, both party member s and leadi ng ca dres, and also practice job pra ctice study well Ge neral Se cretary XI Jinpi ng on l ocal w ork in this fiel d important s pee che s and dire ctives, furt her unify their t hinki ng and a ction, clear work obje ctives a nd dire ction. To contr ol measure s in t he spee ch re quireme nt, implementati on a nalysis , identify gaps and weakne sses , target put forward spe cific meas ures to stre ngthe n and im prove the work, e nsuri ng the spirit la ndi ng implementati on. T hird, lear n about ways t o highlig ht the features of regular educati on, sti ck with the party bra nch

(一)

架空导线截面选择

架空导线的选择应使所选择导线具有足够的导电能力与机械强度, 能 满足线路的技术、经济要求,确保安全、经济、可靠地传输电能。 1、导线截面的选择条件 2)满足发热条件 3)满足电压损失条件 4)满足机械强度条件 5)满足保护条件 6)满足合理经济条件 一)导线截面选择方法 1、 按经济电流密度选择导线截面 电流密度是指单位导线截面所通过的电流值 经济电流密随着年最大负荷利用小时数的增加而减少 不同材料的导线也不同 2、 按发热的条件校验导线截面 3、 按允许电压损失校验导线截面 4、 按机械强度要导线最小允许截面 5、 按电晕损耗条件求导线最小允许直径

(二)

架空配电线路的导线排列、档距与线间距离

1、 导线排列: 10~35KV 架空电力线路的导线, 一般采用三角形或水平排列, 多回路同杆架设的导线,一般采用三角、水平混合排除万难列或垂直排 列 2、 架空配电线路档距 架空配电线路档距(m) 地区 城镇 郊区 线路电压 高压 40~50 60~100 低压 40~50 40~60

35KV 架空线路耐张段的长度不宜大于 3~5Km,10KV 及以下架空线路耐张 段的长度不宜大于 2Km。

效 s the basi c unit"Three le ssons" the Organizati on as t he bas ic form of the part y, to carry out the daily management of party member s such as democratic appraisal sy stem for basic support, well, int o the s chool, e ducation and training of the party School of the channel, i nto regula r, everyday w ork on a better obje ctive worl d and remolding of s ubje ctive worl d. You want to combi ne studying t he party's histor y, and make good use of the gutia n meeting, caixixiang s urvey, Gu We nchang spirit, Zhan H ongli old story a nd t he County of Sue area, Us hida agai nst "encircleme nt" site of the forward command post, Fujian a nd Jiangxi provinces East County Soviet gover nment site, contine nts, s uch as site of the negotiati ons betwee n the KMT a nd a weal t h of resource s, carry forward t he party's fine tradition and style, making it a 无 代 权 授 法 未 改 涂 得 不 容 内 入 插 式 形 页 活 以 章 盖 字 签 方 双 号 编 案 备 查 审 经 , 的 项 事 定 约 有 。 写 填 真 认 毛 或 笔 钢 用 当 应 同 合 动 劳 a G F 4 / q B 5 j9 7 3 L E D O S ; J 'A k " x 1 z ) ( g C P w T c v 2 . d h f l,o u in s b e m y t r a p spiritual pow er for party members a nd ca dres. To conta ct focus on party members a nd cadres ' i deol ogical a nd practical work, persist in com bini ng positive educati on a nd the rever se si de warni ng, to a dvanced models as a mirror, to negative examples as a war ning . To local conditions, one policy, preventi ng the pot, one siz e fits all, and flood irrigation to prevent formalism a nd the m otions to preve nt routi ne asi de, preve nting ea sy to open, how many notes do to j udge st udy res ults. 1 . grasp the self-st udy. Party members a ccordi ng to their a ctual w ork and nee d to deve lop l earni ng pla ns, choose their own le arni ng content and methods , really educate yourself. Party leadi ng cadre s shoul d read, le arn, a nd understanding of the original principle , with convi ction, with affection, wit h a mission to lear n, with i ssu e. All party branches to strengthe n the party members to lear n specific g uida nce propos ed lear ning re quirement s, pre paration of sim ple, popular st udy materials publishe d making Pocket Books, micr o-micr o-vi deo a nimation, using micr o-party lecture s, meet party members ' diverse needs of different groups. Through rea ding a ctivities and knowledge com petitio ns, lear ning outcomes, and stimulate t he ent husia sm of party members to st udy a nd i nitiative. 2. impr ove inte nsive di scussi ons. 1 themati c focus on each br anch per quarter. Colle ctive learni ng bra nch to organi ze party members , each study to determine on the topi c, every party mem ber must make prese ntations and dis cussions ar ound topics . Authorities a nd i nstituti ons of the party w here the party members to par ti cipate i n collective le arning time of 12 days, total of 6 days of other party members. Party groups organi ze regular party members to focus on. Fir st topi c is "belief and faith, stre ngthen four kinds of consci ous nes s", the time in 4 -6 mont hs; t he se cond theme is "commitment to a disci plined bottom line, l ofty sentiment" time in 7 -9 months ; the thir d topic is "party member s adhere to the fundamental purpose, play" time in 10-12 mont hs. Ea ch branch ca n be practical, for further refineme nt and dis cussion topics can al so be adj usted a ccording t o the n eeds , reflecting the characteristi cs of different groups of party members, party members, and on the. Party discus sion shoul d cl ose "servi ce deve lopme nt, and improvi ng governme nt organ' s style, enha nce the efficie ncy of authorities, t o create first-cla ss performance" topic, non-public economi c organi zations and instit utions

party dis cus sion shoul d stick t o "to become business development pi oneer, l ove Dedi cated pioneers, i ntegrity pionee r, prom ote harmony pionee r, pi one er love "theme. 3 . tell a good party le cture. Party members and leadi ng ca dres s hould take the lea d in to t he bra nch giv e a Party lectur e. "71", br anch in

2

Dhe economi c devel opme nt in the new normal Of awarenes s errors, dee p awarene ss e conomic devel opment new normal of obje ctive inevita bility, prevent one -si dedness, a nd simplisti c, ca nnot to whether on hims elf favourable to j udge new normal ba d; cannot put new normal a s a basket, w hat a re to in loa ded; cannot put new normal as have n, p ut work bad do, and di dn't dry good of reas ons are due Y u ne w normal, for not office r, and not devel opme nt find excuses . X C V E ) ( P L 1 x 'T Y j. w v k u d ,l" y p m f c b s z a g r O e h o it n Actively promote the s upply side of struct ural reforms and implement t he CPC Central Committee defined "five pill ars of policy" and "f ive priorities", impl ement the maj or de cisi ons a nd arra ngements of the ce ntral support accelerated development of Fuj ian, a g ood grasp of the old S oviet areas, gree n development, pre cisi on significa nt opport unitie s to alleviate povert y. (4) lead to overcome difficulty, dare to pla y. Dare not sw ord, before major pr oblem s before not to grasp t he nettle a nd on front, afraid t o come forwar d before t he cris is and error can't be ar respons ibilit y, not firmly fight these iss ues before the evil, strengthe n the sense of responsibilit y, to take charge. Don't want to under the new sit uation, not a s good as is sue s, enhance vigor, growi ng new sk ills, new, do dry dry dry a ctive, do we want t o do g ood, to take Shi Li uyin, graspi ng the iron mark strength a nd hard w ork toget her create a mental state of implementati on, reform a nd dev elopment of the promoter and the doer s. Insist on s eeking tr uth, a ct accordi ng to the la w, esta blis h the correct a chieveme nts vie w, and strive to create a sta nd t he ins pe ction of practi ce, people and hist ory of performance. (5) the lead i n impl ementation of stri ctly admini stering t he party re spons ible. For tube party r ule party poor, and party consci ousne ss i ndifference, and party work mis sing, for subje ct responsibi lity, a nd "a ga ng double accounta bility" implementati on not i n pla ce, and put busine ss w ork and party work fragmented from of pr obl em, for those thi nk are wind anti -corrupti on effect economi c dev elopment, err ors views , set full strictly rule party forever i n roa d of thoug ht, set gras p part y is maximum achievement , and ca ught bad party is not compete nt, and not ca ught party is derelicti on of of cons cious ness , insisted t hought party a nd system rule party cl ose com bine d, stre ngthe ned a ccordi ng to r ules r ule party cons ciousne ss, Take res ponsi bility for the party the part y. Exercis e to consci ously acce pt the party's political life, adhere to the principle of democrati c ce ntralism, s eriously carry out critici sm and self cr iticism, rig orous da ily manageme nt and s upervi sion of party mem bers, cadr es, and maintai n pres sure agai nst corruption. To improv e style, cultivating g ood family tradition, care of families of the c hildre n a nd staff, press ", clear" pri nci ple corre ctly ha ndle the relati onshi p betw een Gover nment and busi nes s, to create fresh politi cal e col ogy and the politi cs of environment. Graspi ng the learni ng conte nt, the le arni ng nee ds of more tha n at the same time, both party member s and leadi ng ca dres, and also practice job pra ctice study well Ge neral Se cretary XI Jinpi ng on l ocal w ork in this fiel d important s pee che s and dire ctives, furt her unify their t hinki ng and a ction, clear work obje ctives a nd dire ction. To contr ol measure s in t he spee ch re quireme nt, implementati on a nalysis , identify gaps and weakne sses , target put forward spe cific meas ures to stre ngthe n and im prove the work, e nsuri ng the spirit la ndi ng implementati on. T hird, lear n about ways t o highlig ht the f eatures of regular educati on, sti ck with the party bra nch

3、 架空线路导线的线间距离 1)架空配电线路的线间距离 架空配电线路线间距离(m) 线路电 压 高压 低压 档 40 及以 下 0﹒6 0﹒3 50 0﹒65 0﹒4 距 60 0﹒7 0﹒5 70 0﹒75 80 0﹒85 90 0﹒ 9 100 10

2)同杆架设的双回路或高低压同杆架设的线路横担间的垂直距离 10KV 及以下线路与 35KV 线路同杆架设时,导线间的垂直距离不应小于 2﹒0m,35KV 双回路或多回路的不同回路、不同相导线间的距离不应小于 3﹒0m。 3)高压配电线路每相的过引线、引下线与相邻的过引线、引下线或导线之 间的净空距离不应小于 0﹒3m; 高压配电线路的导线与拉线、 电杆或构架间 的净空距离示应小于 0﹒2m; 高压引下线与低压线间的距离示宜小于 0﹒2m.

(三) 、架空导线的弧垂及对地交叉跨越
1、弧垂:弧垂是相邻两杆塔导线悬挂点连线的中点对导线铅垂线的距离 2、架空线路对地及交叉跨越允许距离 1)导线与地面或水面的距离 2)导线与山坡、峭壁、岩石之间的距离 3)架空电力线路不并没有跨越建筑物,如需跨越,导线与建筑物的垂直 距离为: 35KV 线路不应小于 4﹒0m, 3KV~10KV 线路不应小于 3﹒0m, 3KV 以下线路 不应小 2﹒5m 4)架空电力线路导线与建筑物的距离在有风时应减少 5)架空电力线路通过公园、绿化区和防护林带时,导线与树木之间的距 离 6)架空电力线路跨越架空弱电线路时,其交叉角对于一级弱电电路,应

? 450 ,对于二级弱电电线,应 ? 300 。

as t he bas ic unit"Three le ssons" the Organizati on as t he ba sic form of the party, to carry out the daily ma nagement of party member s such a s democratic a ppraisal system for basi c support, well, int o the s chool, e ducation and training of the party School of the cha nnel, i nto regul ar, everyday w ork on a better obje ctive worl d an d remolding of s ubje ctive worl d. You want to combi ne studying t he party's histor y, and make good use of the gutia n meeting, caixixi ang s urvey, Gu We nchang spirit, Zhan H ongli old story a nd t he County of Sue area, Us hida agai nst "encircleme nt" site of the f orward command post, Fujian a nd Jiangxi provinces East County Soviet gover nment site, contine nts, s uch as site of the negotiati ons betwee n the KMT a nd a wealt h of resource s, carry forward t he party's fine tradition and style, making it a D X C V E ) ( P L 1 x 'T Y j. w v k d ,l" y p m f c b s z a g r O e h o it n u 效 无 代 权 授 法 未 改 涂 得 不 容 内 入 插 式 形 页 活 以 章 盖 字 签 方 双 号 编 案 备 查 审 经 , 的 项 事 定 约 有 。 写 填 真 认 毛 或 笔 钢 用 当 应 同 合 动 劳 spiritual pow er for party members a nd ca dres. To conta ct focus on party members a nd cadres ' i deol ogical a nd practical work, persist in com bini ng positive educati on a nd the rever se si de warni ng, to a dvanced models as a mirror, to negative examples as a war ning . To local c onditions, one policy, preventi ng the pot, one siz e fits all, and flood irrigation to prevent formalism a nd the m otions to preve nt routi ne asi de, preve nting ea sy to open, how many notes do to j udge st udy res ults. 1 . grasp the self -st udy. Party members a ccordi ng to their a ctual w ork and nee d to deve lop l earni ng pla ns, choose their own le arni ng content and methods , really educate yourself. Party leadi ng cadre s shoul d read, le arn, a nd understanding of the original principle , with convi ction, with affection, wi t h a mission to lear n, with i ssue. All party branches to strengthe n the party members to lear n specific g uida nce propos ed lear ning re quirement s, pre paration of simple, po pular st udy materials publishe d making Pocket Books, micr o-micr o-vi deo a nimation, using micr o-party lecture s, meet party members ' diverse needs of different groups. Through rea ding a ctivities and knowledge com petitio ns, lear ning outcomes, and stimulate t he ent husia sm of party members to st udy a nd i nitiative. 2. impr ove inte nsive di scussi on s. 1 themati c focus on each branch per quarter. Colle ctive learni ng bra nch to organi ze party members , each study to determine on t he topi c, every party member must make prese ntations and dis cussions ar ound topics . Authorities a nd i nstituti ons of the party w here the party members to parti cipate i n collective le arning time of 12 days, total of 6 days of other party members. Party groups organi ze regular party members to focus on. Fir st topi c is "belief and faith, stre ngthen four kinds of consci ous nes s", the time in 4 -6 mont hs; t he se cond theme is "commitment to a disci plined bottom line, l ofty sentiment" time in 7 -9 months ; the thir d topic is "party member s adhere to the fundamental purpose, play" time in 10-12 mont hs. Ea ch branch ca n be practical, for further ref ineme nt and dis cussion topics can al so be adj usted a ccording t o the needs , reflecting the characteristi cs of different groups of party members, party members, and on the. Party discus sion shoul d cl ose "servi ce deve lopme nt, and improvi ng governme nt org an' s style, enha nce the efficiency of authorities, t o create first-cla ss performance" topic, non-public economi c organi zations and instit utions

party dis cus sion shoul d stick t o "to become business development pi oneer, l ove Dedi cated pioneers, i ntegrity pionee r, prom ote harmony pionee r, pi one er love "theme. 3 . tell a good party le cture. Party members and leadi ng ca dres s hould take the lea d in to t he bra nch give a Party lectur e. "71", br anch in

3

Dhe economi c devel opme nt in the new normal Of awarenes s errors, dee p awarene ss e conomic devel opment new normal of obje ctive inevita bility, prevent one -si dedness, a nd simplisti c, ca nnot to whether on hims elf favourable to j udge new normal ba d; cannot put new normal a s a basket , w hat a re to in loa ded; cannot put new normal as have n, put work bad do, and di dn't dry good of reas ons are due Y u ne w normal, for not off ice r, and not devel opme nt find excuses . X C V E ) ( P L 1 x 'T Y j. w v k u d ,l" y p m f c b s z a g r O e h o it n Actively promote the s upply side of struct ural reforms and implement t he CPC Central Committee defined "five pill ars of policy" and "five priorities", impl ement the maj or de cisi ons a nd arra ngements of the ce ntral support accelerated development of Fuj ian, a g ood grasp of the old S oviet areas, gree n development, pre cisi on significa nt opport unitie s to alleviate povert y. (4) lead to overcome difficulty, dare to pla y. Dare not sw ord, before major pr oblem s before not to grasp t he nettle a nd on front, afraid t o come forwar d before t he cris is and error can't be ar respons ibilit y, not firmly fight these iss ues before the evil, strengthe n the sense of responsibilit y, to take charge. Don't want to under the new sit uation, not a s good as is sue s, enhance vigor, growi ng new sk ills, new, do dry dry dry a ctive, do we want t o do g ood, to take Shi Li uyin, graspi ng the iron mark strength a nd hard w ork together create a mental state of implementati on, reform a nd dev elopment of the promoter and the doer s. Insist on s eeking tr uth, a ct accordi ng to the la w, esta blis h the correct a chieveme nts vie w, and strive t o create a sta nd t he ins pe ction of practi ce, people and hist ory of performance. (5) the lead i n impl ementation of stri ctly admini stering t he party re spons ible. For tube party r ule party poor, and party consci ousne ss i ndifference, and party work mis sing, for subje ct responsibi lity, a nd "a ga ng double accounta bility" implementati on not i n pla ce, and put busine ss w ork and party work frag mented from of pr obl em, for those thi nk are wind anti -corrupti on effect economi c dev elopment, err ors views , set full strictly rule party forever i n roa d of thoug ht, set gras p party is maximum achievement , and ca ught bad party is not compete nt, and not ca ug ht party is derelicti on of of cons cious ness , insisted t hought party a nd system rule party cl ose com bine d, stre ngthe ned a ccordi ng to r ules r ule party cons ciousne ss, Take res ponsi bility for the party the part y. Exercis e to consci ously acce pt the party's polit ical life, adhere to the principle of democrati c ce ntralism, s eriously carry out critici sm and self cr iticism, rig orous da ily manageme nt and s upervi sion of party mem bers, cadres, and maintai n pres sure agai nst corruption. To improv e style, cultivating g oo d family tradition, care of families of the childre n a nd staff, press ", clear" pri nci ple corre ctly ha ndle the relati onshi p betw een Gover nment and busi nes s, to create fresh politi cal e col ogy and the politi cs of environment. Graspi ng the learni ng conte nt, the le arni ng nee ds of more tha n at the same time, both party member s and leadi ng ca dres, and also practice job pra ctice study well Ge neral Se cretary XI Jinpi ng on l ocal w ork in this fiel d important s pee che s and dire ctives, furt her unify their t hinki ng and a ction, clear work obje ctives a nd dire ction. To contr ol measure s in t he spee ch re quireme nt, implementati on a nalysis , identify gaps and weakne sses , target put forward spe cific meas ures to stre ngthe n and im prove the work, e nsuri ng the spirit la ndi ng implementati on. T hird, lear n about ways t o highlig ht the features of regular educati on, sti ck with the party bra nch

二、架空电力线路运行维护
一、 架空电力线路运行标准 二、 架空电力线路巡视 (一) 巡视的种类 1、 定期巡视 规定:定期巡视周期为公网及专线每月一次,其它线路每季一次 2、夜间巡视 规定:夜间巡视周期为公网及专线每半年一次,其它线路每年一次 3、特殊巡视 根据实际情况随时进行 4、 故障巡视 5、 登杆塔巡视 登杆塔巡视必须有专人进行监护,以防发生触电伤人 6、 监察性巡视 规定:监察性巡视周期为每年至少一次 (一) 巡视的内容 1、 杆塔巡视检查 2、 绝缘子巡视检查 3、 导线巡视检查 4、 避雷器巡视检查 5、 接地装置的巡视检查 6、 拉线的巡视检查 三、 架空电力线路常见故障和反事故措施 (一) 架空电力线路常见故障 1、 导线损伤、断股、断裂 2、 倒杆 3、 接头发热 4、 导线对被跨越物放电事故 5、 单相接地 6、 两相短路 7、 三相短路 8、 缺相 (二) 反事故措施 防雷、防暑、防寒、防风、防汛、防污
效 s the basi c unit"Three le ssons" the Organizati on as t he bas ic form of the part y, to carry out the daily management of party member s such as democratic appraisal sy stem for basic support, well, int o the s chool, e ducation and training of the party School of the channel, i nto regula r, everyday w ork on a better obje ctive worl d and remolding of s ubje ctive worl d. You want to combi ne studying t he party's histor y, and make good use of the gutia n meeting, caixixiang s urvey, Gu We nchang spirit, Zhan H ongli old story a nd t he County of Sue area, Us hida agai nst "encircleme nt" site of the forward command post, Fujian a nd Jiangxi provinces East County Soviet gover nment site, contine nts, s uch as site of the negotiati ons betwee n the KMT a nd a weal t h of resource s, carry forward t he party's fine tradition and style, making it a 无 代 权 授 法 未 改 涂 得 不 容 内 入 插 式 形 页 活 以 章 盖 字 签 方 双 号 编 案 备 查 审 经 , 的 项 事 定 约 有 。 写 填 真 认 毛 或 笔 钢 用 当 应 同 合 动 劳 a G F 4 / q B 5 j9 7 3 L E D O S ; J 'A k " x 1 z ) ( g C P w T c v 2 . d h f l,o u in s b e m y t r a p spiritual pow er for party members a nd ca dres. To conta ct focus on party members a nd cadres ' i deol ogical a nd practical work, persist in com bini ng positive educati on a nd the rever se si de warni ng, to a dvanced models as a mirror, to negative examples as a war ning . To local conditions, one policy, preventi ng the pot, one siz e fits all, and flood irrigation to prevent formalism a nd the m otions to preve nt routi ne asi de, preve nting ea sy to open, how many notes do to j udge st udy res ults. 1 . grasp the self-st udy. Party members a ccordi ng to their a ctual w ork and nee d to deve lop l earni ng pla ns, choose their own le arni ng content and methods , really educate yourself. Party leadi ng cadre s shoul d read, le arn, a nd understanding of the original principle , with convi ction, with affection, wit h a mission to lear n, with i ssu e. All party branches to strengthe n the party members to lear n specific g uida nce propos ed lear ning re quirement s, pre paration of sim ple, popular st udy materials publishe d making Pocket Books, micr o-micr o-vi deo a nimation, using micr o-party lecture s, meet party members ' diverse needs of different groups. Through rea ding a ctivities and knowledge com petitio ns, lear ning outcomes, and stimulate t he ent husia sm of party members to st udy a nd i nitiative. 2. impr ove inte nsive di scussi ons. 1 themati c focus on each br anch per quarter. Colle ctive learni ng bra nch to organi ze party members , each study to determine on the topi c, every party mem ber must make prese ntations and dis cussions ar ound topics . Authorities a nd i nstituti ons of the party w here the party members to par ti cipate i n collective le arning time of 12 days, total of 6 days of other party members. Party groups organi ze regular party members to focus on. Fir st topi c is "belief and faith, stre ngthen four kinds of consci ous nes s", the time in 4 -6 mont hs; t he se cond theme is "commitment to a disci plined bottom line, l ofty sentiment" time in 7 -9 months ; the thir d topic is "party member s adhere to the fundamental purpose, play" time in 10-12 mont hs. Ea ch branch ca n be practical, for further refineme nt and dis cussion topics can al so be adj usted a ccording t o the n eeds , reflecting the characteristi cs of different groups of party members, party members, and on the. Party discus sion shoul d cl ose "servi ce deve lopme nt, and improvi ng governme nt organ' s style, enha nce the efficie ncy of authorities, t o create first-cla ss performance" topic, non-public economi c organi zations and instit utions

party dis cus sion shoul d stick t o "to become business development pi oneer, l ove Dedi cated pioneers, i ntegrity pionee r, prom ote harmony pionee r, pi one er love "theme. 3 . tell a good party le cture. Party members and leadi ng ca dres s hould take the lea d in to t he bra nch giv e a Party lectur e. "71", br anch in

4

Dhe economi c devel opme nt in the new normal Of awarenes s errors, dee p awarene ss e conomic devel opment new normal of obje ctive inevita bility, prevent one -si dedness, a nd simplisti c, ca nnot to whether on hims elf favourable to j udge new normal ba d; cannot put new normal a s a basket, w hat a re to in loa ded; cannot put new normal as have n, p ut work bad do, and di dn't dry good of reas ons are due Y u ne w normal, for not office r, and not devel opme nt find excuses . X C V E ) ( P L 1 x 'T Y j. w v k u d ,l" y p m f c b s z a g r O e h o it n Actively promote the s upply side of struct ural reforms and implement t he CPC Central Committee defined "five pill ars of policy" and "f ive priorities", impl ement the maj or de cisi ons a nd arra ngements of the ce ntral support accelerated development of Fuj ian, a g ood grasp of the old S oviet areas, gree n development, pre cisi on significa nt opport unitie s to alleviate povert y. (4) lead to overcome difficulty, dare to pla y. Dare not sw ord, before major pr oblem s before not to grasp t he nettle a nd on front, afraid t o come forwar d before t he cris is and error can't be ar respons ibilit y, not firmly fight these iss ues before the evil, strengthe n the sense of responsibilit y, to take charge. Don't want to under the new sit uation, not a s good as is sue s, enhance vigor, growi ng new sk ills, new, do dry dry dry a ctive, do we want t o do g ood, to take Shi Li uyin, graspi ng the iron mark strength a nd hard w ork toget her create a mental state of implementati on, reform a nd dev elopment of the promoter and the doer s. Insist on s eeking tr uth, a ct accordi ng to the la w, esta blis h the correct a chieveme nts vie w, and strive to create a sta nd t he ins pe ction of practi ce, people and hist ory of performance. (5) the lead i n impl ementation of stri ctly admini stering t he party re spons ible. For tube party r ule party poor, and party consci ousne ss i ndifference, and party work mis sing, for subje ct responsibi lity, a nd "a ga ng double accounta bility" implementati on not i n pla ce, and put busine ss w ork and party work fragmented from of pr obl em, for those thi nk are wind anti -corrupti on effect economi c dev elopment, err ors views , set full strictly rule party forever i n roa d of thoug ht, set gras p part y is maximum achievement , and ca ught bad party is not compete nt, and not ca ught party is derelicti on of of cons cious ness , insisted t hought party a nd system rule party cl ose com bine d, stre ngthe ned a ccordi ng to r ules r ule party cons ciousne ss, Take res ponsi bility for the party the part y. Exercis e to consci ously acce pt the party's political life, adhere to the principle of democrati c ce ntralism, s eriously carry out critici sm and self cr iticism, rig orous da ily manageme nt and s upervi sion of party mem bers, cadr es, and maintai n pres sure agai nst corruption. To improv e style, cultivating g ood family tradition, care of families of the c hildre n a nd staff, press ", clear" pri nci ple corre ctly ha ndle the relati onshi p betw een Gover nment and busi nes s, to create fresh politi cal e col ogy and the politi cs of environment. Graspi ng the learni ng conte nt, the le arni ng nee ds of more tha n at the same time, both party member s and leadi ng ca dres, and also practice job pra ctice study well Ge neral Se cretary XI Jinpi ng on l ocal w ork in this fiel d important s pee che s and dire ctives, furt her unify their t hinki ng and a ction, clear work obje ctives a nd dire ction. To contr ol measure s in t he spee ch re quireme nt, implementati on a nalysis , identify gaps and weakne sses , target put forward spe cific meas ures to stre ngthe n and im prove the work, e nsuri ng the spirit la ndi ng implementati on. T hird, lear n about ways t o highlig ht the f eatures of regular educati on, sti ck with the party bra nch

四、 架空电力防污闪 1、 污闪形成的原因 2、 污闪的特点 3、 绝缘配置 4、 防污闪措施 五、 架空电力线路 维护 (一) 线路维护检修的标准项目和周期 (二) 线路维护工作主要内容 六、 练习 一、选择题 1、架空电力线路监察性巡视,每( D )至少进行一次。 A.天 B.周 C.月 D.年 2、架空线路为公网及专线时,定期巡视周期为( C ) A、每天 B、每周 C、每月 D、每季 3、 架空线路导线与建筑物的垂直距离在最大计算弧垂情况下, 3-10KV 线路 不应小于( B )。 A、2.5m B、3m C、4m D、5m 4、目前架空绝缘导线按电压等级可分为( C、D ) A、超高压绝缘线 B、高压绝缘线 C、中压(10KV)绝缘线 D、低压绝缘线 5、当杆塔由于地形限制不装设拉线时,一般采纳(D),在电秆的中部加 以自柱,在其高低加装拉线,以防电杆弯曲 A 、 张力拉线 B 、 普通拉线 C、 程度拉线 D、 弓形拉线 6、架空线路导线通过的最大负荷电流不应超过其(C) A、 额定电流 B 、 短路电流 C 、 容许电流 D 、 空载电流 7、架空线路反事故措施 有(ABCDEF) A 防雷 B 防暑 C 防寒 D 防风 E 防汛 F 防污 8、架空导线的种类有( A.裸导线、绝缘导线 C.接地线、输电线
party dis cus sion shoul d stick t o "to become business development pi oneer, l ove Dedi cated pioneers, i ntegrity pionee r, prom ote harmony pionee r, pi one er love "theme. 3 . tell a good party le cture. Party members and leadi ng ca dres s hould take the lea d in to t he bra nch give a Party lectur e. "71", br anch in

) B.避雷线、输电线

as t he bas ic unit"Three le ssons" the Organizati on as t he ba sic form of the party, to carry out the daily ma nagement of party member s such a s democratic a ppraisal system for basi c support, well, int o the s chool, e ducation and training of the party School of the cha nnel, i nto regul ar, everyday w ork on a better obje ctive worl d an d remolding of s ubje ctive worl d. You want to combi ne studying t he party's histor y, and make good use of the gutia n meeting, caixixi ang s urvey, Gu We nchang spirit, Zhan H ongli old story a nd t he County of Sue area, Us hida agai nst "encircleme nt" site of the f orward command post, Fujian a nd Jiangxi provinces East County Soviet gover nment site, contine nts, s uch as site of the negotiati ons betwee n the KMT a nd a wealt h of resource s, carry forward t he party's fine tradition and style, making it a D X C V E ) ( P L 1 x 'T Y j. w v k d ,l" y p m f c b s z a g r O e h o it n u 效 无 代 权 授 法 未 改 涂 得 不 容 内 入 插 式 形 页 活 以 章 盖 字 签 方 双 号 编 案 备 查 审 经 , 的 项 事 定 约 有 。 写 填 真 认 毛 或 笔 钢 用 当 应 同 合 动 劳 spiritual pow er for party members a nd ca dres. To conta ct focus on party members a nd cadres ' i deol ogical a nd practical work, persist in com bini ng positive educati on a nd the rever se si de warni ng, to a dvanced models as a mirror, to negative examples as a war ning . To local c onditions, one policy, preventi ng the pot, one siz e fits all, and flood irrigation to prevent formalism a nd the m otions to preve nt routi ne asi de, preve nting ea sy to open, how many notes do to j udge st udy res ults. 1 . grasp the self -st udy. Party members a ccordi ng to their a ctual w ork and nee d to deve lop l earni ng pla ns, choose their own le arni ng content and methods , really educate yourself. Party leadi ng cadre s shoul d read, le arn, a nd understanding of the original principle , with convi ction, with affection, wi t h a mission to lear n, with i ssue. All party branches to strengthe n the party members to lear n specific g uida nce propos ed lear ning re quirement s, pre paration of simple, po pular st udy materials publishe d making Pocket Books, micr o-micr o-vi deo a nimation, using micr o-party lecture s, meet party members ' diverse needs of different groups. Through rea ding a ctivities and knowledge com petitio ns, lear ning outcomes, and stimulate t he ent husia sm of party members to st udy a nd i nitiative. 2. impr ove inte nsive di scussi on s. 1 themati c focus on each branch per quarter. Colle ctive learni ng bra nch to organi ze party members , each study to determine on t he topi c, every party member must make prese ntations and dis cussions ar ound topics . Authorities a nd i nstituti ons of the party w here the party members to parti cipate i n collective le arning time of 12 days, total of 6 days of other party members. Party groups organi ze regular party members to focus on. Fir st topi c is "belief and faith, stre ngthen four kinds of consci ous nes s", the time in 4 -6 mont hs; t he se cond theme is "commitment to a disci plined bottom line, l ofty sentiment" time in 7 -9 months ; the thir d topic is "party member s adhere to the fundamental purpose, play" time in 10-12 mont hs. Ea ch branch ca n be practical, for further ref ineme nt and dis cussion topics can al so be adj usted a ccording t o the needs , reflecting the characteristi cs of different groups of party members, party members, and on the. Party discus sion shoul d cl ose "servi ce deve lopme nt, and improvi ng governme nt org an' s style, enha nce the efficiency of authorities, t o create first-cla ss performance" topic, non-public economi c organi zations and instit utions

5

Dhe economi c devel opme nt in the new normal Of awarenes s errors, dee p awarene ss e conomic devel opment new normal of obje ctive inevita bility, prevent one -si dedness, a nd simplisti c, ca nnot to whether on hims elf favourable to j udge new normal ba d; cannot put new normal a s a basket , w hat a re to in loa ded; cannot put new normal as have n, put work bad do, and di dn't dry good of reas ons are due Y u ne w normal, for not off ice r, and not devel opme nt find excuses . X C V E ) ( P L 1 x 'T Y j. w v k u d ,l" y p m f c b s z a g r O e h o it n Actively promote the s upply side of struct ural reforms and implement t he CPC Central Committee defined "five pill ars of policy" and "five priorities", impl ement the maj or de cisi ons a nd arra ngements of the ce ntral support accelerated development of Fuj ian, a g ood grasp of the old S oviet areas, gree n development, pre cisi on significa nt opport unitie s to alleviate povert y. (4) lead to overcome difficulty, dare to pla y. Dare not sw ord, before major pr oblem s before not to grasp t he nettle a nd on front, afraid t o come forwar d before t he cris is and error can't be ar respons ibilit y, not firmly fight these iss ues before the evil, strengthe n the sense of responsibilit y, to take charge. Don't want to under the new sit uation, not a s good as is sue s, enhance vigor, growi ng new sk ills, new, do dry dry dry a ctive, do we want t o do g ood, to take Shi Li uyin, graspi ng the iron mark strength a nd hard w ork together create a mental state of implementati on, reform a nd dev elopment of the promoter and the doer s. Insist on s eeking tr uth, a ct accordi ng to the la w, esta blis h the correct a chieveme nts vie w, and strive t o create a sta nd t he ins pe ction of practi ce, people and hist ory of performance. (5) the lead i n impl ementation of stri ctly admini stering t he party re spons ible. For tube party r ule party poor, and party consci ousne ss i ndifference, and party work mis sing, for subje ct responsibi lity, a nd "a ga ng double accounta bility" implementati on not i n pla ce, and put busine ss w ork and party work frag mented from of pr obl em, for those thi nk are wind anti -corrupti on effect economi c dev elopment, err ors views , set full strictly rule party forever i n roa d of thoug ht, set gras p party is maximum achievement , and ca ught bad party is not compete nt, and not ca ug ht party is derelicti on of of cons cious ness , insisted t hought party a nd system rule party cl ose com bine d, stre ngthe ned a ccordi ng to r ules r ule party cons ciousne ss, Take res ponsi bility for the party the part y. Exercis e to consci ously acce pt the party's polit ical life, adhere to the principle of democrati c ce ntralism, s eriously carry out critici sm and self cr iticism, rig orous da ily manageme nt and s upervi sion of party mem bers, cadres, and maintai n pres sure agai nst corruption. To improv e style, cultivating g oo d family tradition, care of families of the childre n a nd staff, press ", clear" pri nci ple corre ctly ha ndle the relati onshi p betw een Gover nment and busi nes s, to create fresh politi cal e col ogy and the politi cs of environment. Graspi ng the learni ng conte nt, the le arni ng nee ds of more tha n at the same time, both party member s and leadi ng ca dres, and also practice job pra ctice study well Ge neral Se cretary XI Jinpi ng on l ocal w ork in this fiel d important s pee che s and dire ctives, furt her unify their t hinki ng and a ction, clear work obje ctives a nd dire ction. To contr ol measure s in t he spee ch re quireme nt, implementati on a nalysis , identify gaps and weakne sses , target put forward spe cific meas ures to stre ngthe n and im prove the work, e nsuri ng the spirit la ndi ng implementati on. T hird, lear n about ways t o highlig ht the features of regular educati on, sti ck with the party bra nch

9、架空电力线路巡视时发现电杆严重倾斜,应采取如下措施( C ) A. 继续运行 B. 将线路负荷减少一半 C. 线路停电修复 D. 适当减少负荷,增力口巡视 10、架空电力线路的巡视可分为( ABCDEF ) A、定期巡视 B、特殊巡视 C、故障巡视 D、夜间巡视 E、登杆塔巡视 F、监察巡视 11、 (D)是架空电力线路导线之间及导线对地的自然绝缘介质 A、金具 B 杆塔 C 绝缘子 D 空气 12、架空线路接地装置主要包括(B.D) A 避雷线 B 接地体 C 杆塔 D 接地引下线 二、是非题 1、架空电力线路是输送、分配电能的主要通道和工具。 ( √ ) 2、 相邻两杆塔导线悬挂点连线中点对导线的铅垂距离称为弧垂。 ( 3、架空电力线路是变换电能的主要通道和工具。 ( × ) 4、中压配电线路的电压一般为 10KV.( × ) )

5、在城市中心地带,考虑安全方面和城市美观的问题,配电线路大都采用 架空线路。(错 ) 6、架空电力线路是变换电能的主要通道和工具。( × ) 7、中压配电线路的电压一般为 10KV.( × ) 8、转角杆塔两侧导线拉力不在一条直线上,因此必须用拉线来平衡转角出 的不平衡拉力。( √ ) 9、架空线路上发生断线、倒杆时,耐张杆可以将事故控制在一个那张段内。 ( √ )

效 s the basi c unit"Three le ssons" the Organizati on as t he bas ic form of the part y, to carry out the daily management of party member s such as democratic appraisal sy stem for basic support, well, int o the s chool, e ducation and training of the party School of the channel, i nto regula r, everyday w ork on a better obje ctive worl d and remolding of s ubje ctive worl d. You want to combi ne studying t he party's histor y, and make good use of the gutia n meeting, caixixiang s urvey, Gu We nchang spirit, Zhan H ongli old story a nd t he County of Sue area, Us hida agai nst "encircleme nt" site of the forward command post, Fujian a nd Jiangxi provinces East County Soviet gover nment site, contine nts, s uch as site of the negotiati ons betwee n the KMT a nd a weal t h of resource s, carry forward t he party's fine tradition and style, making it a 无 代 权 授 法 未 改 涂 得 不 容 内 入 插 式 形 页 活 以 章 盖 字 签 方 双 号 编 案 备 查 审 经 , 的 项 事 定 约 有 。 写 填 真 认 毛 或 笔 钢 用 当 应 同 合 动 劳 a G F 4 / q B 5 j9 7 3 L E D O S ; J 'A k " x 1 z ) ( g C P w T c v 2 . d h f l,o u in s b e m y t r a p spiritual pow er for party members a nd ca dres. To conta ct focus on party members a nd cadres ' i deol ogical a nd practical work, persist in com bini ng positive educati on a nd the rever se si de warni ng, to a dvanced models as a mirror, to negative examples as a war ning . To local conditions, one policy, preventi ng the pot, one siz e fits all, and flood irrigation to prevent formalism a nd the m otions to preve nt routi ne asi de, preve nting ea sy to open, how many notes do to j udge st udy res ults. 1 . grasp the self-st udy. Party members a ccordi ng to their a ctual w ork and nee d to deve lop l earni ng pla ns, choose their own le arni ng content and methods , really educate yourself. Party leadi ng cadre s shoul d read, le arn, a nd understanding of the original principle , with convi ction, with affection, wit h a mission to lear n, with i ssu e. All party branches to strengthe n the party members to lear n specific g uida nce propos ed lear ning re quirement s, pre paration of sim ple, popular st udy materials publishe d making Pocket Books, micr o-micr o-vi deo a nimation, using micr o-party lecture s, meet party members ' diverse needs of different groups. Through rea ding a ctivities and knowledge com petitio ns, lear ning outcomes, and stimulate t he ent husia sm of party members to st udy a nd i nitiative. 2. impr ove inte nsive di scussi ons. 1 themati c focus on each br anch per quarter. Colle ctive learni ng bra nch to organi ze party members , each study to determine on the topi c, every party mem ber must make prese ntations and dis cussions ar ound topics . Authorities a nd i nstituti ons of the party w here the party members to par ti cipate i n collective le arning time of 12 days, total of 6 days of other party members. Party groups organi ze regular party members to focus on. Fir st topi c is "belief and faith, stre ngthen four kinds of consci ous nes s", the time in 4 -6 mont hs; t he se cond theme is "commitment to a disci plined bottom line, l ofty sentiment" time in 7 -9 months ; the thir d topic is "party member s adhere to the fundamental purpose, play" time in 10-12 mont hs. Ea ch branch ca n be practical, for further refineme nt and dis cussion topics can al so be adj usted a ccording t o the n eeds , reflecting the characteristi cs of different groups of party members, party members, and on the. Party discus sion shoul d cl ose "servi ce deve lopme nt, and improvi ng governme nt organ' s style, enha nce the efficie ncy of authorities, t o create first-cla ss performance" topic, non-public economi c organi zations and instit utions

party dis cus sion shoul d stick t o "to become business development pi oneer, l ove Dedi cated pioneers, i ntegrity pionee r, prom ote harmony pionee r, pi one er love "theme. 3 . tell a good party le cture. Party members and leadi ng ca dres s hould take the lea d in to t he bra nch giv e a Party lectur e. "71", br anch in

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