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广州城市园林水湿生木本植物资源应用研究_论文

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第 14 卷?第 1 期 湿?地?科?学?与?管?理 ?Vol.14 No.1 ?2018 年 3 月 WETLAND SCIENCE & MANAGEMENT ?Mar.2018 DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1673-3290.2018.01.10 广州城市园林水湿生木本植物资源应用研究 许铭宇 1? 刘雯 2? 陈* 3* (1?广州普邦园林股份有限公司,广东 广州 510600;2?仲恺农业工程学院环境科学与工程学院,广东 广州 510225; 3?仲恺农业工程学院园艺园林学院,广东 广州 510225) 摘 要 以广州 13 个具有代表性的城市园林水景为研究对象,实地调查分析了水湿生木本植物资源及应用 现状。结果表明:广州城市园林水景中普遍应用的水湿生木本植物共有 43 种,分别隶属 20 科 32 属,其 中,水生木本植物 7 种、湿生木本植物 36 种,应用频次较高的是落羽杉 Taxodium distichum 、串钱柳 Callistemon viminalis 、水翁蒲桃 Syzygium nervosum 、水石榕 Elaeocarpus hainanensis 等植物。通过调 查发现广州城市园林水景中水湿生木本植物应用存在种类少、配置模式单一和生态效应不突出等问题,并 针对这些问题提出了应大力开发和筛选水湿生木本植物资源,加强乔灌草复层景观构建及注重景观效果与 生态效应相融合等改进措施和建议。 关键词 水湿生木本;植物资源;园林水景;应用现状 Applications of Aquatic and Wetland Woody Plant Resources in Urban Landscapes in Guangzhou City XU Ming-Yu1? LIU Wen2 ? CHEN Ping3* (1? Pubang Landscape Architecture Co.Ltd, Guangzhou 510600, Guangdong﹔ 2? School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Zhongkai University of Agriculture and Engineering, Guangzhuo 510225, Guangdong; 3? College of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Zhongkai University of Agriculture and Engineering, Guangzhuo 510225, Guangdong; Abstract? Aquatic and wetland woody plants have a strong adaptability to lower humidity and winter dryness and can produce good ecological benefits and landscape persistence which play an important role in water and wetland landscape. This paper studies the aquatic and wetland woody plant resources and their applications based on 13 representative urban water scenes in Guangzhou City. The result shows there are 43 species of common aquatic and wetland woody plants which belongs to 20 Families and 32 Genera, of which 7 species of aquatic woody plants and 36 species of wetland woody plants. Taxodium distichum, Callistemon viminalis, Syzygium nervosum and Elaeocarpus hainanensis are more frequently used. Problems were identified such as inadequate number of species, simple model of species configuration and poor ecological benefits. To solve these problems, it was suggested develop and screen the aquatic and wetland woody plants, strengthen construction of multiple layers of trees, shrubs and grasses, and attach importance on integrated scenic effects and ecological benefits. Key words? Aquatic and wetland woody plants; Plant resources; Water landscape; Application situation 随着城市绿化美化工作及海绵城市建设的快速 发展,园林景观水体不断增多,水生植物的应用也 尤为普遍,水体植物景观构建中大多都是以水生草 本 植 物 为 主, 但 应 用 的 水 生 草 本 植 物 中 大 部 分 具 有 不 耐 寒 的 特 点



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